Scholarly Societies Project

Data for Societies Founded from 1840 to 1849
61 Societies
40 History Pages
46 Websites
Last Updated: 2008, March 30

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1840
Seat
Society Name
More
Details
France
Paris
Académie d'Architecture (Academy of Architecture)
[In some sense this Academy continued in the tradition of the Société des Architectes, which was founded in 1811 and ceased in 1816. This Academy was founded in 1840 as the Société Centrale des Architectes. It later had the following names: (1) Société Impériale et Centrale des Architectes; (2) Société Centrale des Architectes Français; and (3) Académie d'Architecture (its current name).]
Website
United States of America
Philadelphia
Association of American Geologists and Naturalists
[The Association was founded on 1840, April 2 as the Association of American Geologists; in 1842, it became the Association of American Geologists and Naturalists. The Association ceased to exist on 1848, September 20, when its members convened to resolve their society into a new organization: the American Association for the Advancement of Science.]
 
France
Tours
Société Archéologique de Touraine (Archaeological Society of Touraine)
[The society was founded 1840, June 23.]
Website

1841
Seat
Society Name
More
Details
Belgium
Brussels
Académie Royale de Médecine de Belgique (ARMB) (Royal Academy of Medicine of Belgium)
[The Academy was founded on 1841, September 26 as the Académie Royale de Médecine de Belgique.]
Website
England
London
Chemical Society
[This Society was founded in 1841 as the Chemical Society of London; in 1870, it became known simply as the Chemical Society. The Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) was formed in 1980 through the merger of four societies: (1) the Chemical Society (founded in 1841); (2) the Society for Analytical Chemistry (founded in 1874); (3) the Royal Institute of Chemistry (founded in 1877); and (4) the Faraday Society (founded in 1903).]
 
England
London
Royal College of Psychiatrists (RCP)
[The College was founded in 1841 as the Association of Medical Officers of Asylums and Hospitals for the Insane. It later had the following names: (a) Medico Psychological Association; (b) Royal Medico Psychological Association; and (c) Royal College of Psychiatrists (its current name).]
Website
England
London
Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain (RPSGB)
[This Society was founded on 1841, April 15 as the Pharmaceutical Society; it later became the Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain; later still it became the Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain (its current name).]
Website
Switzerland
Bern
Schweizerische Gesellschaft für Geschichte (SGG) = Société Suisse d'Histoire (SSH) = Società Svizzera di Storia (SSH) = Societad Svizra d'Istorgia (SSI) (Swiss Historical Society)
[The SGG/SSH/SSI was founded on 1841, September 25 by Johann Caspar Zellweger as the Allgemeine Geschichtforschende Gesellschaft der Schweiz (AGGS) = Société Générale Suisse d'Histoire (SGSH). On 2001, April 7 it took the name Schweizerische Gesellschaft für Geschichte (SGG) = Société Suisse d'Histoire (SSH) = Società Svizzera di Storia (SSH) = Societad Svizra d'Istorgia (SSI).]
Website
Belgium
Brussels
Société Royale de Numismatique de Belgique (Royal Society of Numismatics of Belgium)
[No website
found, as
of 2007, Jul.28.]

1842
Seat
Society Name
More
Details
U.S.A.
Ann Arbor (Michigan)
American Oriental Society (AOS) Website
Italy
Torino
Associazione Agraria Subalpina (Subalpine Agricultural Association)
[This Association was founded on 1842, August 25 as the Associazione Agraria Subalpina. It later had the names Associazione Agraria degli Stati Sardi and Associazione Agraria del Regno. It ceased in 1866.]
 
Netherlands
Amsterdam
Bond van Nederlandse Architecten (BNA) (Royal Institute of Dutch Architects)
["First founded in 1842 as Society for the Advancement of Architecture, after a merger with the Association of Dutch Architects in 1919, the two associations gave birth to the present institute, which received royal patronage in 1957."]
Website
Belgium
Brussels
Koninklijke Academie voor Oudheidkunde van België = Académie Royale d'Archéologie de Belgique (Royal Academy of Archaeology of Belgium)
[This Academy was founded in 1842 as the Académie d'Archéologie de Belgique. In 1897 it became the Académie Royale d'Archéologie de Belgique. At some time it also acquired the Flemish name Koninklijke Academie voor Oudheidkunde van België.]
Website
England
London
Philological Society
[The Society was founded on 1842, May 18 as the Philological Society.]
Website
France
Paris
Société d'Économie Politique (Society of Political Economy)
Website
Serbia
Belgrade
Друштво Српске Словесности = Društvo Srpske Slovesnosti (Society of Serbian Letters)
[The Друштво Српске Словесности (Society of Serbian Letters) was founded on May 31, 1842. The Society was suspended on January 27, 1864, and restored on July 29, 1864 under the name Српско Учено Друштво (Serbian Learned Society). On May 13, 1886 the Serbian Learned Society was suspended because of its dispute with the Minister of Education. The Law on the founding of the Српска Краљевска Академија (Serbian Royal Academy) was passed on November 1, 1886; all properties of the Society were transferred to the Academy. The Society was allowed to reopen on June 25, 1887, but was in difficulty and began a lawsuit against the Academy; this was resolved in 1892, when the Society merged with the Academy.]
 

1843
Seat
Society Name
More
Details
England
London
British Archaeological Association (BAA) Website
Brazil
Rio de Janeiro
Instituto dos Advogados Brasileiros (IAB) (Institute of Brazilian Lawyers) Website
Belgium
Antwerp
Koninklijke Maatschappij voor Dierkunde van Antwerpen (KMDA) = Société Royale de Zoologie d'Anvers (Royal Zoological Society of Antwerp)
[The earliest journal of theirs that we have found is the Zoo Antwerpen, beginning 1935 (Univ. Amsterdam cat.). There are probably earlier ones, but they are proving difficult to identify.]
Website
England
London
Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland (RAI)
[This body was founded in 1843 as the Ethnological Society of London, a breakaway group of the Aborigines' Protection Society. In 1863, a rival group, the Anthropological Society of London was founded. In 1871, the two Societies merged to form the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland. In 1907 it became the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland.]
Website
Australia
Hobart
Royal Society of Tasmania (RST)
No website
found, as
of 2007, Jul.28.]

1844
Seat
Society Name
More
Details
France
Paris
Académie Vétérinaire de France (Veterinary Academy of France)
[In 1844, two different veterinary societies were founded in France: the Société de Médecine Vétérinaire et de Médecine Comparée and the Société Vétérinaire du Département de la Seine. In 1846, the latter became the Société Centrale de Médecine Vétérinaire. In 1848, the two merged, taking the name of the latter, Société Centrale de Médecine Vétérinaire. Ater this, the name had the following variants: (1) Société Nationale et Centrale de Médecine Vétérinaire; and (2) Société Impériale et Centrale de Médecine Vétérinaire. In 1928, the Society became the Académie Vétérinaire de France.]
Website
U.S.A.
Washington, D.C.
American Psychiatric Association (APA)
[The APA was founded in 1844 as the Association of Medical Superintendents of American Institutions for the Insane. It later became the American Medico-Psychological Association, and still later it became the American Psychiatric Association (APA) (its current name).]
Website
England
London
Royal Archaeological Institute (RAI)
[The Institute was founded in 1844 as the Archaeological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland. It later became the Royal Archaeological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland; it now is simply the Royal Archaeological Institute.]
Website
England
London
Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons (RCVS)
[The RCVS appears not to have published a scholarly journal.]
Website
France
Chalon-sur-Saône
Société d'Histoire et d'Archéologie de Chalon-sur-Saône (Society for History and Archaeology of Chalon-sur-Saône) [No website
found, as
of 2007, Jul.28.]
England
London
Syro-Egyptian Society of London
[The Society was founded on 1844, December 3. In 1872 it was merged into the Society of Biblical Archaeology (founded in 1870).]
 

1845
Seat
Society Name
More
Details
Sri Lanka
Colombo
Royal Asiatic Society of Sri Lanka (RASSL)
[The Society was founded in 1845 as the Asiatic Society of Ceylon. In 1846 it became a branch of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland, known as the Ceylon Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society. In 1972 it became the Royal Asiatic Society of Sri Lanka (RAS SL).]
No website
found, as
of 2007, Jul.28.]
Germany
Heidelberg
Deutsche Morgenländische Gesellschaft (DMG) (German Oriental Society)
[The Deutsche Morgenländische Gesellschaft was founded on 1845, October 2.]
Website
Germany
Bad Honnef
Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft (DPG) (German Physical Society)
[The Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft was founded on 1845, January 14 as the Physikalische Gesellschaft zu Berlin and was transformed on 1899, January 1 into the Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft.]
Website
Netherlands
Den Haag
Koninklijk Nederlands Historisch Genootschap (KNHG) (Royal Dutch Historical Society)
[The Society was founded in 1845 as the Historisch Gezelschap te Utrecht. It later had the following names: (1) Historisch Genootschap gevestigd te Utrecht; (2) Historisch Genootschap te Utrecht; (3) Historisch Genootschap; (4) Nederlands Historisch Genootschap; and (5) Koninklijk Nederlands Historisch Genootschap (its current name).]
Website
Netherlands
 
Koninklijke Nederlandse Botanische Vereniging (KNBV) (Royal Botanical Society of the Netherlands)
[Earlier in its history, the KNBV was called the Koninklijke Nederlandsche Botanische Vereniging or Koninklke Nederlandsche Botanische Vereeniging or Nederlandsche Botanische Vereenigung. It published (1) Nederlandsch kruidkundig archief : verslagen en mededeelingen der Nederlandsche Botanische Vereeniging (1846-1949 or 1951); (2) Recueil des travaux botaniques néerlandais (1904-1950); (3) Acta botanica Neerlandica (1952-1998); (4) Jaarboek (1952- ); (5) Wentia (1959-1966); (6) Plant biology (1999- ). (see ZDB and Univ. Leiden cat.)]
Website
Russia
St. Petersburg
Русское Географическое Общество (РГО) [Russkoe Geografičeskoe Obŝestvo] (Russian Geographic Society)
[The Society was founded in 1845 as the Русское Географическое Общество (Russkoe Geograficheskoe Obshchestvo) and had this name to 1850. It was called the Императорское Русское Географическое Общество (Imperatorskoe Russkoe Geograficheskoe Obshchestvo) from 1850 to 1917. From 1917 to 1926 it reverted to its original name. From 1926 to 1938 it was called the Государственное Географическое Общество (Gosudarstvennoe Geograficheskoe Obshchestvo). From 1938 to 1993 it was called the Всесоюзное Географическое Общество (Vsesoiuznoe Geograficheskoe Obshchestvo) or the Географическое Общество СССР (Geograficheskoe Obshchestvo SSSR). In 1993 it reverted once again to its original name. For non-revisionist cataloguing data for early journals, see Harvard Univ. cat.: use author names: Russkoe Geograficheskoe Obshchestvo and Imperatorskoe Russkoe Geograficheskoe Obshchestvo. The Russian catalogues seem to expunge any reference to the Imperial designation, even though it appeared on the title pages of the journals from 1850 to 1917 (according to data in the Harvard Univ. cat.)]
Website
Belgium
Namur
Société Archéologique de Namur (SAN) (Archaeological Society of Namur)
[The Society was founded on 1845, December 28.]
Website
France
Limoges
Société Archéologique et Historique du Limousin (SAHL) (Archaeological and Historical Society of Limousin) Website

1846
Seat
Society Name
More
Details
England
Epping (Essex)
College of Teachers (CT)
[Founded in 1846 as Society of Teachers, and became College of Preceptors in 1849. Took its present name in 1998. The ZDB indicates that the College published Educational Times, and Journal of the College of Preceptors (20.1868 - 49.1896). The Oxford Univ. cat. indicates that the first title lasted until 1918, and was then continued by Educational Times (1919-1923) (not associated with the College). The Cambridge Univ. cat. indicates that the College published Education Today (1952- ). It is hard to find good cataloguing data for the intermediate title that makes it clear that is is indeed a publication of the College.]
Website
England
London
Pathological Society of London
[The Pathological Society of London was founded in 1846. It ceased to exist independently in 1907, when it and several other medical societies merged with the Royal Medical and Chirurgical Society of London (founded 1805), to form the Royal Society of Medicine.]
 
Russia
St. Petersburg
Императорское Русское Археологическое Общество. [Imperatorskoe Russkoe Arheologičeskoe Obŝestvo] (Imperial Russian Archaeological Society)
[The Society was founded in 1846 as the Археолого-нумизматическое Общество. Around 1850 it became the Императорское Археологическое Общество. At some between 1865 and 1881 it became the Императорское Русское Археологическое Общество. For the time from 1886 onward, it may have reverted to the name: Императорское Археологическое Общество. It may also have been known at some time simply as the: Русское Археологическое Общество. Records at Univ. Calif. cat. indicate that Mémoires de la Société impériale d'archéologie was published v. 1-6; 1847-1852, with Vol. 1-3 issued under the earlier name of the society: Société d'archéologie et de numismatique de St. Pétersbourg.
Records at Univ. Calif. cat. indicate that Zapiski Imperatorskago arkheologicheskago obshchestva = Записки Императорского Археологического Общества was published t. 1-14; 1849-1858; nov. ser. t. 1-21; 1886-1910 and for the time period 1859-1884 was entitled Izviestiia Imperatorskago russkago arkheologicheskago obshchestva 1859-1884 (t.1 - t.10), with the note that t.1-t.6 were entitled Izviestiia Imperatorskago arkheologicheskago obshchestva. In 1924 it became part of the Академия Истории Материальной Культуры.]
 
Germany
Leipzig
Sächsische Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Leipzig (SAW) (Saxonian Academy of Arts and Sciences in Leipzig)
[The Academy was founded on 1846, July 1, on the occasion of the 200th birthday of Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (1646-1716). Its name at founding was Königlich-Sächsische Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften zu Leipzig. In 1918 it became the Sächsische Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Leipzig.]
Website
France
Moulins
Société d'Emulation du Bourbonnais
(Competitive Society of Bourbonnais)
[The Society was founded in 1845, but not authorized by prefectural decree until 1846, January 30.]
Website

1847
Seat
Society Name
More
Details
U.S.A.
Chicago
American Medical Association (AMA)
Website
Netherlands
 
Hollandsche Maatschappij van Landbouw (HMvL) (Holland Society of Agriculture)
[Also known as Hollandse Maatschappij van Landbouw (HMvL) for part of its existence. This may be considered the successor to the Maatschappij ter Bevordering van den Landbouw te Amsterdam (1776-1847). There are references to the HMvL as late as 1986 (see Regionaal Archief Alkmaar: overzicht). There are remarks in a book review of Agrarische kwaliteit van de Hoeksche Waard that suggest that the Maatschappij was in some sense continued by the Westelijke Land- en Tuinbouworganisatie (WLTO) (which gives its official founding date as 1991). The situation is not perfectly clear.]
[No website
found, as
of 2005, Oct.12.]
England
London
Institution of Mechanical Engineers (IMechE)
Website
Netherlands
The Hague
Koninklijk Instituut van Ingenieurs (KIVI) (Royal Institution of Engineers in the Netherlands)
[The Koninklijk Instituut van Ingenieurs was founded 1847, August 31, and merged on 2004, July 1 with the Nederlandse Ingenieursvereniging NIRIA (founded 1928) to form the Koninklijk Instituut Van Ingenieurs KIVI NIRIA.]
U.S.A.
New York City
New York Academy of Medicine (NYAM) Website
Austria
Vienna
Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften (ÖAW) (Austrian Academy of Sciences)
[The Academy was founded on 1847, May 14 as the Kaiserliche Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien. It later had the following names: (1) Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien; and (2) Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften (its current name).]
Website
Vatican City State
Pontificia Accademia delle Scienze (PAS) = Pontificia Academia Scientiarum (Pontifical Academy of Sciences)
[The Academy traces its roots to the famous Accademia dei Lincei, which had been founded in 1606 and which disbanded in 1630. Pope Pius IX in 1847 (more than two centuries after it had been disbanded) resurrected it as the Accademia Pontificia dei Nuovi Lincei. In 1870 or 1871, the Accademia split into two parts, one retaining the ecclesiastical name (which was changed in 1903 to Pontificia Accademia Romana dei Nuovi Lincei), and the other taking the secular name Reale Accademia dei Lincei indicating royal patronage. This latter society later became the Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei.]
Website
Spain
Madrid
Real Academia de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales (RACEFyN) (Royal Academy of Exact, Physical and Natural Sciences (Spain))
[The Academy was founded on 1847, February 25 as the Academia Real de Ciencias de Madrid. It later had the following names: (1) Real Academia de Ciencias de Madrid; (2) Real Academia de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales de Madrid; (3) Academia de Ciencias Exactas, Físico-Químicas y Naturales de Madrid; and (4) Real Academia de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales (its current name).]
Website
China
Hong Kong
Royal Asiatic Society Hong Kong Branch (RASHKB)
[The Hong Kong Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society was originally founded in 1847 as the China Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, but ceased to exist at the end of 1859. Exactly a century later, on December 28, 1959, it was resuscitated with the approval of the parent society in London - the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland. The Hong Kong Branch grew out of a Medico-Chirurgical Society founded in 1845.]
Website
Ireland
Dublin
Statistical and Social Inquiry Society of Ireland (SSISI) [The Society was founded on 1847, November 23 as the Dublin Statistical Society. In 1855 the Social Inquiry Society of Ireland merged into it. In 1864 the Society became the Statistical and Social Inquiry Society of Ireland (its current name).] Website

1848
Seat
Society Name
More
Details
U.S.A.
Washington, D.C.
American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
[The AAAS came into being on 1848, September 20, when the members of the Association of American Geologists and Naturalists (founded in 1840 as the Association of American Geologists) convened to resolve their society into a new organization: the American Association for the Advancement of Science.]
Website
France
Paris
Conseil National des Ingénieurs et des Scientifiques de France (National Council of Engineers and Scientists of France) Website
Germany
Hannover
Deutsche Geologische Gesellschaft (DGG) (German Geological Society)
[The Deutsche Geologische Gesellschaft (DGG) was founded in 1848 in Berlin. In 2004 it merged with the Gesellschaft für Geowissenschaften (GGW), founded in the DDR in 1954, to form the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Geowissenschaften (website).]
 
England
Liverpool
Historic Society of Lancashire and Cheshire (HSLC)
[The Society was founded on 1848, June 20.]
Website
England
London
Institute of Actuaries of London
[Founded in 1848 as the Institute of Actuaries of London. At some time later, it became simply the Institute of Actuaries. Its Scottish counterpart was founded in 1856 as Faculty of Actuaries in Edinburgh, which at some time later became simply the Faculty of Actuaries. Since 1993 the two groups have had a common education and examination system. They also maintain a common website.]
Website
Austria
Vienna
Österreichischer Ingenieur- und Architekten-Verein (ÖIAV) (Austrian Association of Engineers and Architects) Website
France
Paris
Société de Biologie (Society of Biology) Website

1849
Seat
Society Name
More
Details
Denmark
Vanløse
Den Danske Dyrlægeforening (DDD) (Danish Veterinary Association) Website
Netherlands
Utrecht
Koninklijke Nederlandsche Maatschappij tot bevordering der Geneeskunst (KNMG) (Royal Netherlands Society for the Advancement of the Healing Arts) Website
Canada
Toronto
Royal Canadian Institute (RCI) [Also known as the Royal Canadian Institute for the Advancement of Science.]
[The Institute was founded in 1849 as the Canadian Institute. In 1914 it became the Royal Canadian Institute (RCI).]
Website
Ireland
Dublin
Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland
[The Society was founded in Kilkenny in 1849 as the Kilkenny Archaeological Society. It later had the names: (1) Kilkenny and South East of Ireland Archaeological Society; (2) Historical and Archaeological Association of Ireland; (3) Royal Historical and Archaeological Association of Ireland; and (4) Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland (its current name).]
Website

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Scholarly Societies Project

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last modified: 2009, December 27

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