Scholarly Societies Project

Data for Societies Founded from 1800 to 1809
42 Societies
40 History Pages
21 Websites
Last Updated: 2009, March 7

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1800
Seat
Society Name
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Details
France
Toulon
Académie du Var (Academy of Var)
[The Academy was founded in 1800 as the Société des Sciences, Belles-Lettres et Arts de Toulon. In 1811, it was reformed as the Académie des Sciences, Belles-Lettres et Arts de Toulon. In 1817 it became the Société des Sciences, Belles-lettres et Arts du département du Var, séant à Toulon. In 1868 it became the Société Académique du Var, and in 1878 it took the name Académie du Var.]
Website
Netherlands
Amsterdam and Leiden
Hollandsche Maatschappij van Fraaije Kunsten en Wetenschappen (Holland Society for Liberal Arts and Sciences)
[This society was founded in 1800 as the Bataafsche Maatschappij van Taal- en Dichtkunde (Batavian Society for Language and Literature) as a result of the merger of (1) Amsteldamsche Dicht- en Letteroefenend Genootschap: Wij Streeven naar Volmaaktheid (founded in 1783), (2) Kunst Wordt door Arbeid Verkreegen (founded in 1766), and (3) Studium Scientiarum Genetrix (founded in 1773). In 1806, the Society was renamed Hollandsche Maatschappij van Fraaije Kunsten en Wetenschappen. In 1818 the Kunstliefde Spaart geen Vlijt (founded in 1772) merged into the Society. The Society ceased by 1900.]
 
France
Auxerr (in Yonne)
Lycée de l'Yonne (School of Yonne)
[This scholarly society was founded on 1800, May 6 as the Lycée de l'Yonne. It ceased some time in 1801/1802.]
 
Poland
Warsaw
Towarzystwo Królewskie Warszawskie Przyjaciół Nauk (Royal Warsaw Society of the Friends of Science)
[This Society was founded in 1800 as the Towarzystwo Warszawskie Przyjaciół Nauk. In 1812, or possibly a bit earlier, it became Towarzystwo Królewskie Warszawskie Przyjaciół Nauk. It ceased in 1832.]
 

1801
Seat
Society Name
More
Details
Netherlands
Groningen
Koninklijk Natuurkundig Genootschap te Groningen (KNG) (Royal Natural Sciences Society in Groningen)
[The Society was founded in 1801 as the Natuur- en Scheikundig Genootschap te Groningen. Around 1862 it became the Natuurkundig Genootschap te Groningen. In 1976, it received the Koninklijk (Royal) designation, thus becoming the Koninklijk Natuurkundig Genootschap te Groningen (KNG).]
Website
Germany
Berlin
Militärische Gesellschaft in Berlin (Military Society in Berlin)
[This Society was founded on 1801, July 2 as the Militärische Gesellschaft in Berlin, also known as the Militärische Gesellschaft zu Berlin. It ceased on 1805, April 24.]
 
Germany
Nürnberg
Naturhistorische Gesellschaft Nürnberg (NHGN) (Natural History Society of Nürnberg)
[This Society was founded in 1801 as the Naturhistorische Gesellschaft zu Nürnberg. At a later date, it shortened its name to Naturhistorische Gesellschaft Nürnberg.]
Website
France
Paris
Société d'Encouragement pour l'Industrie Nationale (SEIN) (Society for the Encouragement of National Industry) Website
France
Toulouse
Société de Médecine, Chirurgie et Pharmacie de Toulouse (SMCPT) (Society of Medicine, Surgery and Pharmacy of Toulouse)
[This Society has published various journals from 1801 to the present. Unfortunately the cataloguing data at the Bibliot. Nat. France cat. leaves a great deal to the imagination; it is therefore a poor source for tracking name changes.]
[No website found, as of 2007, July 28.]
Germany
Schwaben
Vaterländische Gesellschaft der Ärzte und Naturforscher Schwabens (National Society of Physicians and Researchers of Schwaben)
[This Society was founded in 1801 and ceased in 1808.]
 

1802
Seat
Society Name
More
Details
Italy
Brescia
Ateneo di Brescia: Accademia di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti (Atheneum of Brescia: Academy of Sciences, Letters and Arts)
[The Academy was founded in 1802 as the Accademia del Dipartimento del Mella. It later became the Accademia di Scienze, Lettere, Agricoltura ed Arti del Dipartimento del Mella, and then the Ateneo di Brescia: Accademia di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti (its current name).]
Website
Italy
Bologna
(laterMilano)
Istituto Nazionale Italiano (National Italian Institute)
[This society was founded in Bologna as the Istituto Nazionale Italiano in 1802 by Napoleon Bonaparte. In 1810, at the wish of Bonaparte, who had become Emperor, it took the name Reale Istituto di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti (or Istituto Reale di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti); it also moved its seat to Milano. After the fall of the Kingdom of Italy, the Institute fell under Austrian rule, taking (around 1813) the name Imperiale Regio Istituto del Regno Lombardo-Veneto. In 1838, the current ruler, Emperor Ferdinando I of Austria, divided the society into two, the Istituto Lombardo based in Milano, and the Istituto Veneto in Venezia.]
 
Italy
Bologna
Società Medica Chirurgica di Bologna (Medical and Surgical Society of Bologna)
[The Society was founded in 1802 as the Società Medica di Bologna and was closed down by 1812. It was revived in 1823 as the Società Medico-Chirurgica di Bologna. It later became the Società Medica Chirurgica di Bologna.]
Website

1803
Seat
Society Name
More
Details
France
Paris
Académie des Beaux-Arts (Academy of Fine Arts)
[Founded in 1803, the Académie des Beaux-Arts inherited the responsibilities of three royal academies that had been suppressed in August 1793 by the Convention Nationale. Those three academies were: Académie Royale de Peinture et de Sculpture, Académie Royale d'Architecture, and Académie Royale de Musique. The Academy had the following series of names: (1) Classe des Beaux-Arts de l'Institut de France; (2) Classe des Beaux-Arts de l'Institut Impérial de France; (3) Classe des Beaux-Arts de l'Institut Royal de France; (4) Académie Royale des Beaux-Arts; and (5) Académie des Beaux-Arts (its current name).]
Website
Germany
Breslau (Wrocław, Poland since 1945)
Schlesische Gesellschaft für Vaterländische Cultur = Schlesische Gesellschaft für Vaterländische Kultur (Silesian Society for National Culture)
[The Society was founded on 1803, December 17, in Breslau, Silesia. The Society ceased in 1945, when Breslau became part of Poland, adopting the name Wrocław.]
 
France
Paris
Société Anatomique de Paris (SAP) (Anatomical Society of Paris) Website

1804
Seat
Society Name
More
Details
Italy
Montevarchi
Accademia Valdarnese del Poggio (Valdarno Academy of Poggio)
[This Academy was founded in 1804 in the Valdarno (Val d'Arno) area of Tuscany, as a revival of an academy from the 1400s founded by Poggio Bracciolini. At various times, it has also been known as Imperiale e Reale Accademia Valdarnese del Poggio, and Reale Accademia Valdarnese del Poggio.]
Website
India
Bombay
Asiatic Society of Mumbai
[The Society was founded in 1804 as the Literary Society of Bombay. In 1829, it became the Bombay Branch of Royal Asiatic Society (BBRAS) (of Great Britain). In 1873, the Bombay Geographical Society (founded 1832) merged into the BBRAS, and, in 1896, the Anthropological Society did the same. In 1955, the BBRAS became the Asiatic Society of Bombay; in 2002 it became the Asiatic Society of Mumbai.]
Website
U.S.A.
New York City
New-York Historical Society (NYHS) Website
England
London
Royal Horticultural Society (RHS)
[This Society was founded in 1804 as the Horticultural Society of London. In 1861 it became the Royal Horticultural Society (RHS).]
Website
Italy
Cagliari
Reale Società Agraria ed Economica di Cagliari (Royal Agricultural and Economic Society of Cagliari)
[The Society was founded in July of 1804 as the Reale Società Agraria ed Economica di Cagliari. At various times it was also called Società Agraria ed Economica di Cagliari. It ceased in 1862.]
 
France
 
Société Nationale des Antiquaires de France (SNAF) (National Society of Antiquaries of France)
[The Society was founded in 1804 as the Académie Celtique, and in 1813 became the Société des Antiquaires de France. It later had the following names: (1) Société Royale des Antiquaires de France; (2) Société Impériale des Antiquaires de France; and (3) Société Nationale des Antiquaires de France (its current name).]
[No website
found, as
of 2007, Jul.28.]

1805
Seat
Society Name
More
Details
Russia
Moscow
Московское Общество Испытателей Природы (МОИП) [Moskovskoe Obŝestvo Ispytatelej Prirody] (Moscow Society of Naturalists = Société des Naturalistes de Moscou)
[This society was founded in 1805. Its name through most of the pre-Revolutionary period was Императорское Московское Общество Испытателей Природы = Société Impériale des Naturalistes de Moscou. From 1917 onward it was called the Московское Общество Испытателей Природы.]
[No website
found, as
of 2004,
Nov.26.]
England
London
Medical and Chirurgical Society of London
[This society was founded in 1805 as the Medical and Chirurgical Society of London by several people who left the Medical Society of London (founded 1773). In 1834 it received a Royal charter and became the Royal Medical and Chirurgical Society of London. In 1907, the Royal Medical and Chirurgical Society of London merged with several other specialist societies to form the Royal Society of Medicine; a few others joined the merger in 1908 and 1909. Among those specialist societies that ceased to exist independently in the period from 1907 to 1909 were: Pathological Society of London (1846-1907), London Epidemiological Society (1850-1907), Odontological Society of Great Britain (1856-1907), Obstetrical Society of London (1858-1907), Clinical Society of London (1867-1907), Dermatological Society of London (1882-1907), British Gynaecological Society (1884-1907), Neurological Society of London (1886-1907), British Laryngological, Rhinological and Otological Association (1888-1907), Laryngological Society of London (1893-1907), Society of Anaesthetists (1893-1908), Dermatological Society of Great Britain and Ireland (1894-1907), British Balneological and Climatology Society (1895-1909), Society for the Study of Diseases in Children (1900-1908), British Electrotherapy Society (1901-1907), and Therapeutical Society (1902-1907).]
 
France
Paris
Société Médico-Pratique de Paris (Practical Medicine Society of Paris)
[This Society was founded in 1805 (or possibly 1806) as the Société Médico-Pratique de Paris. In late 1892, it became the Société Médico-Chirurgicale de Paris. By 1907, April 27, it, along with the Société de Médecine et Chirurgie Pratiques (founded in 1808 as the Société de Médecine Pratique de Paris) had been absorbed into the Société de Médecine de Paris (f. 1796).]
 

1806
Seat
Society Name
More
Details
England
London
Entomological Society of London
[This Society was founded in 1806 as the Entomological Society, and was later called the Entomological Society of London. It ceased in 1824. It was in some sense a precursor to a Society of the same name that was founded in 1833, and which became in 1933 the Royal Entomological Society of London, later also known simply as the Royal Entomological Society.]
 
Italy
Naples
Reale Istituto d'Incoraggiamento di Napoli (Royal Institute for Encouragement of Naples)
[The Institute was founded in 1806 as the Regal Società d'Incoraggiamento alle Scienze Naturali = Società d'Incoraggiamento per le Scienze e le Arti Utile. It later had the following names: (1) Real Istituto d'Incoraggiamento alle Scienze Naturali di Napoli; (2) Reale Istituto d'Incoraggiamento alle Scienze Naturali di Napoli; (3) Reale Istituto d'Incoraggiamento alle Scienze Naturali, Economiche e Tecnologiche di Napoli; and (4) Reale Istituto d'Incoraggiamento di Napoli. We have found no mention of the Institute past 1937.]
Switzerland
Zürich
Schweizerischer Kunstverein (SKV) = Société Suisse des Beaux-Arts (SSBA) = Società Svizzera di Belle Arti (SSBA) (Swiss Art Association)
[The Association was preceeded by the Schweizerische Künstlervereinigung, which had been founded in 1806. In 1839, the Association took on its present-day form as the Schweizerische Kunstverein (SKV).]
Website

1807
Seat
Society Name
More
Details
France
Aix-en-Provence
Académie des Sciences, Agriculture, Arts et Belles-Lettres d'Aix (Academy of Sciences, Agriculture, Arts and Humanities of Aix)
[This Academy was preceded by an agricultural society that had been founded in 1777; it disappeared with the Revolution. The Academy was founded in 1807 as the Société des Amis des Sciences, des Lettres, de l'Agriculture et des Arts; it was also known as Société des Amis des Sciences, des Lettres, de l'Agriculture et des Arts à Aix. Later it had the names: (1) Société Académique d'Aix and (2) Académie des Sciences, Agriculture, Arts et Belles-Lettres d'Aix (its current name).]
[No website
found, as
of 2007, Jul.28.]
Italy
Bologna
Accademia Nazionale di Agricoltura (ANA) (National Academy of Agriculture)
[This Society was founded in 1807 as the Società Agraria del Dipartimento del Reno. Later it had many different names, including: (1) Società Agraria di Bologna; (2) Sezione Agraria dell'Ateneo Bolognese; (3) Società Agraria della Provincia di Bologna; (4) Società Agrari Provinciale di Bologna; (5) R. Accademia di Agricoltura di Bologna; (6) Accademia di Agricoltura di Bologna; and (7) Accademia Nazionale di Agricoltura (its current name).]
Website
England
London
Geological Society
[The Society was founded in London in 1807 as the Geological Society. It later also had the names (1) Geological Society of London and (2) Geological Society, London.]
Website
France
Arcueil
Société d'Arcueil (Society of Arcueil)
[This Society was founded in 1807 and ceased in 1813.]
 
France
Paris
Société des Amateurs des Sciences Physiques et Naturelles de Paris (Society of Lovers of the Physical and Natural Sciences of Paris)
[This Society was founded in 1807 as the Société des Amateurs des Sciences Physiques et Naturelles de Paris. In 1808 it became the Société des Sciences Physiques et Naturelles. We have found no trace of it past 1809.]
 
France
Lyon
Société Historique, Archéologique et Littéraire de Lyon (Historical, Archaeological and Literary Society of Lyon)
[The Society was founded in 1807 as the Cercle Littéraire. At later times it was known as the (1) Société Littéraire de Lyon; (2) Société Littéraire, Historique et Archéologique de Lyon; and (3) Société Historique, Archéologique et Littéraire de Lyon (its current name).]
[No website
found, as
of 2007, Jul.28.]
Sweden
Stockholm
Svenska Läkaresällskapet (SLS) (Swedish Medical Society)
Website

1808
Seat
Society Name
More
Details
Netherlands
Amsterdam
Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen (KNAW) (Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences)
[This Academy was founded on 1808, May 4 as the Koninklijk Instituut van Wetenschappen, Letterkunde en Schoone Kunsten. It later had the following sequence of names: (1) Hollandsch Instituut van Wetenschappen, Letterkunde en Schoone Kunsten; (2) Koninklijk-Nederlandsch Instituut van Wetenschappen, Letterkunde en Schoone Kunsten; (3) Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen; and (4) Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen (its current name).]
Website
Germany
Erlangen
Physikalisch-Medizinische Societät zu Erlangen (Physical and Medical Society in Erlangen)
[The Society was founded on 1808, March 20 as the Physikalisch-Medicinische Societät zu Erlangen. Its name has had various minor variants in spelling; it is now called the Physikalisch-Medizinische Societät zu Erlangen.]
[No website
found, as
of 2007, Jul.28.]
Italy
Naples
Società Nazionale di Scienze, Lettere e Arti in Napoli (National Society of Sciences, Letters and Arts in Napoli)
[This Society was founded on 1808, May 20 as the Società Reale di Napoli with sections: (1) Accademia di Storia e Belle Lettere; (2) Accademia delle Scienze; and (3) Accademia di Belle Arte. It was suspended in 1816. On 1817, April 2, it was revived as the Società Reale Borbonica di Napoli with sections: (1) Accademia Ercolanese di Archeologia; (2) Accademia delle Scienze; and (3) Accademia di Belle Arti. On 1860, September 11, it became the Reale Società di Archeologia, di Scienze e di Belle Arti . On 1861, April 30, it became the Società Reale di Napoli with sections: (1) Reale Accademia di Archeologia, Lettere e Belle Arti; (2) Reale Accademia delle Scienze Fisiche e Matematiche; and (3) Reale Accademia di Scienze Morali e Politiche. On 1934, October 16, the Reale Accademia Medico-Chirugica di Napoli became the fourth Academy of the Society. On 1948, February 19, the Society became the Società Nazionale di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti with sections: (1) Accademia di Archeologia, Lettere e Belle Arti; (2) Accademia delle Scienze Fisiche e Matematiche; (3) Accademia di Scienze Morali e Politiche; and (4) Accademia di Scienze Mediche e Chirurgiche.]
Website
France
Paris
Société de Médecine Pratique de Paris (Society of Practical Medicine of Paris)
[The authority record for this Society in the Bibliot. Nat. France cat. gives a founding year of 1808; Crosland (1967), p.182, also gives a founding year of 1808. According to cataloguing data at the Bibliot. Nat. France cat., the Society kept this name until 1891; from 1892, Jan.1 to 1907, April 4 it was called the Société de Médecine et Chirurgie Pratiques; by 1907, April 27 it, along with the Société Médico-Chirurgicale de Paris (founded in 1805 as the Société Médico-Pratique de Paris ) had been absorbed into the Société de Médecine de Paris (f. 1796). According to the Bibliot. Nat. France cat., the Society published a Compte-Rendu des Travaux from 1827, as well as other journals to 1907.]
 
Scotland
Edinburgh
Wernerian Natural History Society
[The Wernerian Natural History Society was founded on 1808, January 12 to promote the teachings of Abraham Gottlob Werner (1749-1817) on rock formation. It ceased on 1858, April 16.]
 
Germany
Hanau, Wetterau
Wetterauische Gesellschaft für die gesamte Naturkunde zu Hanau (Wetterau Society for General Biology in Hanau)
Website

1809
Seat
Society Name
More
Details
France
Orléans
Académie d'Orléans (Agriculture, Sciences, Belles-Lettres et Arts) (Academy of Orléans (Agriculture, Sciences, Humanities and Arts))
[This Academy was founded in 1809 as the Société des Sciences Physiques et Médicales d'Orléans. It was the descendant of several scholarly societies, including: Société Royale d'Agriculture de la généralité d'Orléans (1762-1789) and Académie Royale des Sciences, Arts et Belles-Lettres d'Orléans (1786-1792). It later had the following different names: (1) Société des Sciences Physiques et Médicales, et d'Agriculture d'Orléans; (2) Société d'Agriculture, Sciences, Belles-Lettres et Arts; (3) Société Royale d'Agriculture, Sciences, Belles-Lettres et Arts; and (4) Académie d'Orléans, (Agriculture, Sciences, Belles-Lettres et Arts) (its current name).]
Website

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Scholarly Societies Project

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last modified: 2009, December 27

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