Scholarly Societies Project

Chronicle for Societies Founded from 1760 to 1779
74 Societies
67 History Pages
33 Websites
Last Updated: 2008, November 28

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Date
Founded
Seat
Society Name
1760
Norway
Trondheim
Det Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskab (DKNVS) (The Royal Norwegian Society of Sciences and Letters)
[This Society was founded in 1760 as the Trondhiemske Selskab. In 1767 it became the Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskab.]
Website
1761
France
Paris
Académie d'Agriculture de la France (Agricultural Academy of France)
[This Academy was founded in 1761 as the Société Royale d'Agriculture de la Généralité de Paris (Royal Society of Agriculture of the Paris Area). It has had a succession of names since then, including: (1) Société Royale d'Agriculture de France; (2) Société d'Agriculture de France; (3) Société d'Agriculture du Département de la Seine; (4) Société Royale et Centrale d'Agriculture; (5) Société Nationale et Centrale d'Agriculture; (6) Société Impériale et Centrale d'Agriculture; (8) Société Impériale et Centrale d'Agriculture de France; (9) Société Nationale et Centrale d'Agriculture de France; and (10) Académie d'Agriculture de France (its current name).]
Website
France
Tours
Académie des Sciences, Arts et Belles-Lettres de Touraine (Academy of Sciences, Arts and Humanities of Touraine)
[This Academy was founded on 1761, February 24 as the Société Royale d'Agriculture de la Généralité de Tours. The Academy was later called: (1) Société des Sciences, Arts et Belles-lettres de Tours; (2) Société d'Agriculture, de Sciences, d'Arts et de Belles-lettres du département d'Indre-et-Loire; and (3) Société d'Agriculture, Sciences, Arts et Belles-lettres du département d'Indre-et-Loire. From 1821 to the Second World War, it was called one or the other of the last two names; it then became dormant. It was revived in 1988 as the Académie des Sciences, Arts et Belles-Lettres de Touraine.]
Website
Germany
Anhalt-Bernburg
Fürstlich-Anhaltische Deutsche Gesellschaft (Royal Anhalt German Society)
[This Society was founded in 1761 and ceased in 1785.]
1762
France
Orléans
Société Royale d'Agriculture de la Généralité d'Orléans (Royal Agricultural Society of the Orléans Area)
[This Society was founded in 1762, and ceased in 1789. Note: These dates are supported by the title of the following book: Fauchon, Charles. Sociétés Savantes Orléanaises du XVIIIe siècle. La Société Royale d'Agriculture de la généralité d'Orléans, (1762-1789). (Orléans : impr. Moderne, 1927) (Extr. des mem. de la soc. d'agric. sc. B. L. et arts d Orléans, t. XXI, 1926) (located via the Bibliothèque Municipale. Orléans, Loiret). This Society was one of the ancestors of the present-day Académie d'Orléans, d'Agriculture, Sciences, Belles-Lettres et Arts, which was founded in 1809 as the Société des Sciences Physiques et Médicales d'Orléans.]
1763
Germany
Pfalz
Pfälzische Akademie der Wissenschaften (Palatinate Academy of the Sciences)
[This Academy was founded in 1763 with the German name Pfälzische Akademie der Wissenschaften. Its publications were issued under the Latin name of the Academy, Academia Electoralis Scientiarum et Elegantiorum Litterarum Theodoro-Palatina (Theodor Electoral Palatinate Academy of Sciences and Humanities). It ceased to exist around 1794.]
1764
Austria
Graz
Kaiserl. Königl. Gesellschaft des Ackerbaues und Nützlicher Künste im Herzogthume Steyermarkt (Imperial and Royal Society of Agriculture and the Useful Arts in the Duchy of Steyermark)
[This Society also had the name Ackerbaugesellschaft im Herzogthume Steyermarkt. We have found no trace of its existence past 1788.]
Germany
Celle
Königliche Landwirthschaftsgesellschaft zu Celle (Royal Agricultural Society in Celle)
[The Society was founded on 1764, March 18. It has had the following names: (1) Königliche Großbrittannische Churfürstliche Braunschweigische Lüneburgische Landwirthschaftsgesellschaft; (2) Königlich-Churfürstliche Landwirtschaftsgesellschaft in Zelle; (3) Königliche Landwirthschafts-Gesellschaft zu Celle; and (4) Königliche Landwirthschaftsgesellschaft. In 1899, it was changed into a governmental body, and ceased as a scholarly society.]
Germany
Leipzig
Leipziger Ökonomische Societät (Leipzig Economic Society)
[The Society was founded on 1764, May 26. In its early period it was called variously (1) Leipziger Öconomische Societät and (2) Leipziger Ökonomische Societät. From at least 1851 it used the latter name consistently.]
Website
Spain
San Sebastien
Real Sociedad Bascongada de los Amigos del País = Euskalerriaren Adiskideen Elkartea (Royal Basque Society of Friends of the Country)
[The Society was founded in 1764 as the Sociedad Bascongada de los Amigos del País. It later had the following names: (1) Real Sociedad Bascongada de los Amigos del País; (2) Sociedad Económica Vascongada de los Amigos del País; (3) Real Sociedad Vascongada de Amigos del País; and (4) Real Sociedad Bascongada de los Amigos del País = Euskalerriaren Adiskideen Elkartea (its current names).]
Website.
Spain
Barcelona
Reial Acadèmia de Ciències i Arts de Barcelona = Real Academia de Ciencias y Artes de Barcelona (Royal Academy of Sciences and Arts of Barcelona)
[The Academy was founded on 1764, January 18 as the Conferencia Physycomatemática Experimental; shortly thereafter it became the Real Conferencia Física. It later took the Spanish names Real Academia de Ciencias Naturales y Artes de Barcelona and Real Academia de Ciencias y Artes de Barcelona, and the Catalan names Acadèmia de Ciències i Arts de Barcelona and Reial Acadèmia de Ciències i Arts de Barcelona.]
Website.
1765
Germany
Öttingen
then
Burghausen
Churpfalzbaierische Sittlich-Landwirthschaftliche Akademie zu Burghausen (Palatinate-Bavarian Electoral Moral-Agricultural Academy in Burghausen)
[This Academy was founded on 1765, October 12 as the Gesellschaft der Schönen Wissenschaften zu Oettingen am Inn. It later had the following names: (1) Churbaierische Landwirthschaftliche Gesellschaft zu Altenoettingen; (2) Churpfalzbaierische Gesellschaft Sittlich- und Landwirthschaftlicher Wissenschaften zu Burghausen; and (3) Churpfalzbaierische Sittlich-Landwirthschaftliche Akademie zu Burghausen.]
Germany
Hamburg
Patriotische Gesellschaft von 1765 (Patriotic Society of 1765)
[This Society was founded in 1765 as the Hamburgische Gesellschaft zur Beförderung der Künste und Nützlichen Gewerbe (Hamburg Society for the Advancement of the Arts and Useful Trades). This Society is now called the Patriotische Gesellschaft von 1765 (Patriotic Society of 1765).]
Website.
Russia
St. Petersburg
Императорское Вольное Экономическое Общество к Поощрению в России Земледелия и Домостроительства (ВЭО) [Imperatorskoe Volʹnoe Èkonomičeskoe Obŝestvo k Pooŝreniû v Rossii Zemledeliâ i Domostroitelʹstva] (Imperial Free Economic Society for the Encouragement in Russia of Agriculture and House-Building)
[This Society was founded in 1765 and ceased in 1917.]
1766
Germany
Oberlausitz
Churfürstliche Sächsische Physikalisch-Ökonomische Bienengesellschaft in der Oberlausitz (Electoral Saxony Physical-Economic Bee Society in Oberlausitz)
[This Society was founded in 1766, or perhaps the year earlier, as the Oeconomische Bienengesellschaft in Oberlausitz. It later had the following names: (1) Physikalisch-Oeconomische Bienengesellschaft in Oberlausitz = Physikalisch-Oeconomische Bienen-Gesellschaft in Ober-Lausitz = Physicalisch-Öconomische Bienen-Gesellschaft in Ober-Lausitz = Physikalisch-Ökonomische Bienen-Gesellschaft in Ober-Lausitz; (2) Churfürstlich Sächßliche Physikalisch-Ökonomische Bienen-Gesellschaft in Ober-Lausitz; (3) Churfürstlich Sächßliche Bienen-gesellschaft in Oberlausitz; (4) Churfürstlich Sächsische Bienengesellschaft in Oberlausitz = Churfürstl Sächsis Bienengesellschaft in Oberlausitz; and (5) Churfürstl. Sächsische Physikalisch-Ökonomische Bienengesellschaft in der Oberlausitz. We find no trace of its existence past 1797.]
Sweden
Stockholm
Kungliga Patriotiska Sällskapet (Royal Patriotic Society)
[This Society was founded in 1766 as the Svenska Patriotiska Sällskapet till konsters, slöjders och rikets näringars uppmuntran. It later had the following sequence of names: (1) Svenska Patriotiska Sällskapet; (2) Kongliga Svenska Patriotiska Sällskapet; (3) Kongliga Patriotiska Sällskapet; and (4) Kungliga Patriotiska Sällskapet.]
Website
Netherlands
Leiden
Kunst Wordt door Arbeid Verkreegen (Art is Won by Labour)
[This Society was founded in Leiden in 1766. It was also known as the (1) Tael- en Dichtlievend Genootschap ter spreuke voerende Kunst wordt door Arbeid Verkreegen; (2) Kunstgenootschap ten spreuke voerende: Kunst wordt door Arbeid Verkreegen; and (3) Kunstgenootschap ten zinspreuke voerende: "Kunst wordt door Arbeid Verkreegen". In 1800 it merged with two other major literary societies: (1) Studium Scientiarum Genetrix (founded in 1773 in Rotterdam), and (2) Amsteldamsch Dicht- en Letteroefenend Genootschap: Wij Streven naar de Volmaaktheid (founded in 1783 in Amsterdam) to form the Bataafsche Maatschappij van Taal- en Dichtkunde, which in 1806 was renamed the Hollandsche Maatschappij van Fraaije Kunsten en Wetenschappen (Holland Society for Liberal Arts and Sciences).]
Netherlands
Leiden
Maatschappij der Nederlandse Letterkunde te Leiden (Society for Dutch Literature in Leiden)
[The Society was founded in 1766 as the Maetschappye der Nederlandsche Letterkunde te Leyden. Over the years its name underwent several minor orthographic changes; it is now spelled Maatschappij der Nederlandse Letterkunde te Leiden.]
Website.
1767
Germany
Giessen (in Hesse)
Hessische Akademische Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften = Societas Academica Scientiarum Principalis Hassiaca Giessae Cattorum (Hessian Academic Society of Sciences in Giessen)
[This Society was founded in 1767 and ceased in 1774.]
England
Manchester
(later Preston)
Royal Lancashire Agricultural Society
[This Society was founded in 1767 as the Manchester Agricultural Society. It then had the following succession of names: (1) Manchester and Liverpool Agricultural Society; (2) Royal Manchester, Liverpool and North Lancashire Agricultural Society; and (3) Royal Lancashire Agricultural Society (its current name).]
Website.
Poland
Warsaw
Warszawskie Towarzystwo Fizyczno-Chemiczne (Physico-Chemical Society of Warsaw)
[This Society appears to have have been one of the earliest Polish scientific societies. In 1768, it published one volume of a journal with a German title; in that title, the name of the Society is given as Physisch-Chemische Warschauer Gesellschaft. The Society seems to have existed only from 1767 to 1769.]
1768
Italy
Verona
Accademia di Agricoltura, Scienze e Lettere di Verona (Academy of Agriculture, Science and Arts of Verona)
[The Academy was founded in 1768 as the Accademia d'Agricoltura, Commercio ed Arti di Verona. It went through the following name changes: (1) Accademia d'Agricoltura, Arti e Commercio di Verona; (2) Accademia d'Agricoltura, Scienze, Lettere, Arti e Commercio di Verona; and (3) Accademia di Agricoltura, Scienze e Lettere di Verona (its current name.]
Website.
Italy
Mantova
Accademia Nazionale Virgiliana di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti (National Virgilian Academy of Sciences, Letters and Arts)
[The Academy was founded in 1768 as the Reale Accademia di Scienze e Belle Lettere di Mantova. Over the years it has had various different names, including: Reale Accademia di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti; Reale Accademia di Scienze, Belle-Lettere ed Arti; Accademia Virgiliana di Scienze, Belle Lettere ed Arti; Reale Accademia Virgiliana di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti; and Accademia Nazionale Virgiliana di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti (its current name).]
Website
Spain
Valencia
Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Carlos (Royal Academy of Fine Arts of San Carlos)
[The Academy was created 1768, February 14.]
Website
England
London
Royal Academy of Arts in London
[First President was Sir Joshua Reynolds.]
Website
Italy
Mantova
Société Typographique de Bouillon (Typographical Society of Bouillon)
[The Society was founded on 1768, November 24, and was dissolved in 1788.]
1769
Belgium
Brussels
Académie Royale des Sciences, des Lettres, et des Beaux-Arts de Belgique (Royal Academy of Science, Humanities and Fine Arts of Belgium)
[The Academy was founded in 1769 as the Société Littéraire de Bruxelles (Literary Society of Brussels). It had the following succession of names: (1) Académie Impériale et Royale des Sciences et Belles Lettres de Bruxelles; (2) Académie Royale des Sciences et Belles Lettres de Bruxelles; and (3) Académie Royale des Sciences, des Lettres, et des Beaux-Arts de Belgique (its current name).]
Website
Italy
Padova
Accademia di Arte Agraria (Academy of the Agrarian Arts)
[The Academy was founded in 1769. In 1779, it merged with the Accademia dei Ricovrati (founded 1599), to form the Accademia di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti di Padova.]
Netherlands
Rotterdam
Bataafsch Genootschap der Proefondervindelijke Wijsbegeerte te Rotterdam (Batavian Society for Experimental Philosophy in Rotterdam)
[The Society was founded in 1769. It was known from 1774 - 1798 (at least) as the Bataafsch Genootschap der Proefondervindelyke Wysbegeerte te Rotterdam. Since at least 1800 the spelling of its name has become Bataafsch Genootschap der Proefondervindelijke Wijsbegeerte te Rotterdam.]
[No website found, as of 2007, July 28.]
Germany
Kaiserslautern, then Heidelberg
Churpfälzische Physikalisch-Ökonomische Gesellschaft (Palatinate Physical and Economic Society)
[The Society was founded in 1769 in Kaiserslautern as the Physikalisch-Ökonomische und Bienengesellschaft zu Lautern. It moved to Heidelberg in 1784. It had the following sequence of names: (1) Kuhrpfälzische Physikalisch-Ökonomische Gesellschaft; (2) Kurpfälzische Physikalisch-Ökonomische Gesellschaft; (3) Churpfälzische Physikalisch-Ökonomische Gesellschaft; (4) Churpfälzische Physikalisch-Ökonomische Gesellschaft in Heidelberg; and (5) Churpfälzische Physikalisch-Ökonomische Gesellschaft zu Heidelberg. It appears to have dissolved in 1792.]
Denmark
Frederiksberg
Kongelige Danske Landhusholdningsselskab (Royal Danish Agricultural Society)
[The Society was founded in 1769. It was known from 1776 to 1817 (at least) as the Kongelige Danske Landhuusholdnings-Selskab. By 1831 the spelling of its name had already been changed to Kongelige Danske Landhusholdningsselskab.]
Website
Netherlands
Vlissingen
(later Middelburg)
Zeeuwsch Genootschap der Wetenschappen te Vlissingen (Zeeland Society of Sciences in Vlissingen)
[Now called Koninklijk Zeeuwsch Genootschap der Wetenschappen = Royal Zeeland Society of Sciences.]
Website
1770
Czech Republic
Prague
Královská Česká Společnost Nauk (Royal Czech Scientific Society)
[This Society was founded in 1770 as the Böhmische Gelehrte Privatgesellschaft (Bohemian Scholarly Private Society). It later had the names Česká Společnost Nauk (Böhmische Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften = Czech Scientific Society), and Královská Česká Společnost Nauk (Königlich-Böhmische Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften = Royal Czech Scientific Society). It had the latter name until 1952. It was replaced in 1953 by Československá Akademie Věd (1953-1992), which was then replaced in 1993 by the Akademie Věd České Republiky (Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic) and the Slovenská Akadémia Vied (Slovak Academy of Sciences).]
1771
Denmark
Copenhagen
Kirurgiske Privatselskab (Private Society of Surgeons)
[The Society was founded in 1771 as the Kirurgiske Privatselskab. In 1774 it took the German names Chirurgischen Societät zu Kopenhagen = Kopenhagener Chirurgischen Societät. It ceased in 1783.]
Sweden
Stockholm
Kungliga Musikaliska Akademien (KMA) (Royal Swedish Academy of Music)
Website
Germany
Breslau
Patriotische Gesellschaft in Schlesien (Patriotic Society in Silesia)
[This Society was founded in 1771 and ceased in 1791.]
Scotland
Edinburgh
Royal Physical Society of Edinburgh (RPSE)
[The Society was founded on 1771, July 2 as the Physico-Chirurgical Society. In 1778 it became the Royal Physical Society of Edinburgh.]
[No website found, as of 2007, July 28.]
England
London
Society of Civil Engineers
[The Society was founded in 1771 as the Society of Civil Engineers. In 1830 it was renamed the Smeatonian Society of Civil Engineers.]
[No website found, as of 2007, July 28.]
1772
France
Grenoble
Académie Delphinale (Delphinal Academy)
[The Academy was founded in 1772 as Société Littéraire, that is, Société Littéraire de Grenoble. It later had the sequence of names: (1) Académie Delphinale; (2) Société des Sciences et des Arts de la ville de Grenoble; and (3) Académie Delphinale (its current name).]
Website
Denmark
Copenhagen
Kongelige Medicinske Selskab (Royal Medical Society)
[The Society was founded on 1772 September 9 as the Københavnske Medicinske Selskab (Copenhagen Medical Society). In 1782 it became the Kongelige Medicinske Selskab. In 1872 it merged with Philiatrien, also in Copenhagen, to form Medicinske Selskab i København.]
Netherlands
The Hague
Kunstliefde Spaart geen Vlijt (Love of Art Spares no Diligence)
[This Society was founded in The Hague in 1772. In 1818 it merged into the Hollandsche Maatschappij van Fraaije Kunsten en Wetenschappen (Holland Society for Liberal Arts and Sciences), which had been formed in 1800 as the Bataafsche Maatschappij van Taal- en Dichtkunde through the merger of three major literary societies: (1) Amsteldamsch Dicht- en Letteroefenend Genootschap: Wij Streven naar de Volmaaktheid (founded in 1783 in Amsterdam), (2) Kunst Wordt door Arbeid Verkreegen (founded in 1766 in Leiden), and (3) Studium Scientiarum Genetrix (founded in 1773 in Rotterdam).]
Sweden
Lund
Physiographiska Sällskapet i Lund (Physiographical Society in Lund)
[Now called Kungliga Fysiografiska Sällskapet i Lund (Royal Physiographic Society in Lund)]
Website
1773
Germany
Berlin
Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin (Society of Researching Friends in Berlin)
[The Society was founded in 1773 as the Berlinische Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde. In 1786 it became the Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin.]
[No website found, as of 2007, July 28.]
Scotland
Edinburgh
Juridical Society of Edinburgh
[The Society was founded in 1773, and probably ceased to exist some time around 1908.]
England
London
Medical Society of London
[No website found, as of 2007, July 28.]
Netherlands
Utrecht
Provinciaal Utrechts Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen (PUG) (Provincial Utrecht Society of Arts and Sciences)
[The Society was founded in 1773 as the Konst-Genootschap binnen Utrecht, onder de zin-spreuk Besteedt den Tijd, met Konst en Vlijt (Art Society in Utrecht, with the motto "Spend Time with Art and Diligence"). It later took the following names: (1) Provinciaal Utrechtsch Genootschap van Konsten en Wetenschappen; (2) Provinciaal Utregtsch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen; (3) Provinciaal Utrechtsch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen; and (4) Provinciaal Utrechts Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen (its current name).]
Website
Netherlands
Rotterdam
Studium Scientiarum Genetrix
[This Society was founded in Rotterdam in 1773. In 1800 it merged with two other major literary societies: (1) Amsteldamsch Dicht- en Letteroefenend Genootschap: Wij Streven naar de Volmaaktheid (founded in 1783 in Amsterdam), and (2) Kunst Wordt door Arbeid Verkreegen (founded in 1766 in Leiden) to form the Bataafsche Maatschappij van Taal- en Dichtkunde, which in 1806 was renamed the Hollandsche Maatschappij van Fraaije Kunsten en Wetenschappen (Holland Society for Liberal Arts and Sciences).]
1774
England
London
Royal Humane Society
[The Society was founded in 1774 as the Humane Society for the recovery of persons apparently drowned, also evidently known as the Institution for affording immediate Relief to Persons apparently dead, from drowning. In 1776 it became known as the Humane Society. In 1787 it became the Royal Humane Society. The Society is now primarily a charity that makes awards for acts of bravery.]
Website
Denmark
Copenhagen
Societas Exercitatoria Medica (Gesellschaft der Akademischen Artzneybefliessenen zu Kopenhagen = Medical Training Society of Copenhagen)
[The Society was founded in 1774; it ceased in 1785.]
Germany
Leipzig
Societas Jablonoviana = Jablonowskische Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften zu Leipzig (Jablonowski Society)
[The Society was founded in 1774 as the Societas Jablonoviana. It later had the names: (1) Fürstlich-Jablonowskische Gesellschaft; (2) Fürstlich-Jablonowskische Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften; (3) Fürstlich-Jablonowskische Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften, Leipzig; (4) Fürstlich-Jablonowskische Gesellschaft zu Leipzig; and (5) Jablonowskische Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften zu Leipzig (one of its current names). The Society was inactive between 1948 and 1978.]
Website
1775
Germany
Mannheim
Deutsche Gesellschaft in Mannheim (German Society in Mannheim)
[The Society was founded in 1775 as the Kurfürstliche Deutsche Gesellschaft in Mannheim, and later became the Deutsche Gesellschaft in Mannheim. It ceased around 1809.]
Netherlands
 
Geneeskundig Genootschap, onder de Zinspreuk Servandis Civibus (Medical Society with the Motto "Servandis Civibus")
[The Society existed from about 1775 to about 1794.]
England
Birmingham
Lunar Society of Birmingham
[The Lunar Society went into a decline after 1791 and probably ceased completely on or before 1809.]
1776
Netherlands
Amsterdam
Maatschappy ter Bevordering van den Landbouw te Amsterdam (Society for the Advancement of Agriculture in Amsterdam)
[The society ceased to exist in 1847.]
Italy
Milano
Società Pattriotica di Milano (Patriotic Society of Milan)
[The Society was founded in 1776 as the Società Pattriotica di Milano; it was also known as the Società Patriotica di Milano. It ceased in 1797.]
Switzerland
Geneva
Société des Arts de Genève (Society of Arts of Geneva)
Website
France
Paris
Société Royale de Médecine (Royal Society of Medicine)
[This Society was founded in 1776, evidently as the Société de Médecine, and obtained the royal designation in 1778, when it became the Société Royale de Médecine. The Society was supressed in 1792 or 1793. Its functions were later continued by the Académie Royale de Médecine, founded in 1820, now called Académie Nationale de Médecine.]
1777
England
Bath
Bath and West of England Society
Website.
Netherlands
Amsterdam
Nederlandsche Maatschappij voor Nijverheid en Handel (Netherlands Society for Industry and Trade)
[Founded in 1777 as the Oeconomische Tak van de Hollandsche Maatschappij der Wetenschappen (Economic Branch of the Holland Society of Sciences [founded in 1752]), it became in 1797 an independent society called Nationale Nederlandsche Huishoudelyke Maatschappye te Haarlem (National Netherlands Economic Society in Haarlem). Since that time it has had various names, including: Hollandsche Huishoudelijke Maatschappij te Haarlem; Nederlandsche Huishoudelijke Maatschappij te Haarlem; Nederlandsche Maatschappij ter Bevordering van Nijverheid; Maatschappij van Nijverheid; and its current name: Nederlandsche Maatschappij voor Nijverheid en Handel (Netherlands Society for Industry and Trade).]
Website
Netherlands
Utrecht
Natuurkundig Gezelschap te Utrecht (NGU) = Natuurkundig Gezelschap Utrecht (NGU) (Physical Society of Utrecht)
[The Society was founded on 1777, December 8 as the Gezelschap ter Beoeffening en Bevordering van de Proef-ondervindelijke Natuurkunde (Society for the Cultivation and Advancement of Experimental Physics). It is now called the Natuurkundig Gezelschap te Utrecht (NGU) = Natuurkundig Gezelschap Utrecht (NGU). More information is found in Leun, Cornelis van der. NG 200 : Natuurkundig Gezelschap te Utrecht, 1777-1977 Utrecht : Natuurkundig Gezelschap, 1977. 143 p.]
Website
Spain
Tenerife
Real Sociedad Económica de Amigos del País de Tenerife (Royal Economic Society of Friends of the Land of Tenerife)
[According to their website, the Society published various periodicals, including Boletines and Memoria. There is an entry in the Biblioteca Nacional de España cat. for their Homenajes y memorias (1989/1990 [pub. 1991], v.1 - ). Historical information is found in: La Real Sociedad Económica de Amigos del País de Tenerife : sus primeros pasos (San Cristóbal de la Laguna : [Real Sociedad Económica de Amigos del País de Tenerife, 2002] 341 p.) Biblioteca Nacional de España cat..]
Website
France
Paris
Société des Auteurs et Compositeurs Dramatiques (Society of Authors and Dramatic Composers)
Website.
Germany
Kassel
Société des Antiquités de Cassel (Society of Antiquities of Cassel)
[The Society was founded in 1777 by Friedrich II as the Société des Antiquités de Cassel. In 1785 it became the Gesellschaft der Altertümer, and existed until 1806.]
1778
Netherlands
Amsterdam
Genootschap der Mathematische Weetenschappen (Society of Mathematical Sciences)
[Now called Wiskundig Genootschap (WG) (Dutch Mathematical Society)
Website.]
Indonesia
Batavia [since 1949 called Jakarta]
Koninklijk Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen (Royal Batavian Society of Arts and Sciences)
[The Society was founded in 1778 in Batavia [since 1949 called Jakarta] as the Bataviaasch Genootschap der Konsten en Wetenschappen (Batavian Society of Arts and Sciences). After a series of minor name changes, in 1910 it became the Koninklijk Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. In 1950 it became Lembaga Kebudayaan Indonesia = Lembaga Kebudajaan Indonesia (Indonesian Culture Council), which was given to the government in 1962 and became a museum, now called the Museum Nasional. Hence, the Society ceased to exist as a scholarly society in 1962.]
Sweden
Göteborg
Kungliga Vetenskaps- och Vitterhets-Samhället i Göteborg (Royal Society of Sciences and Arts in Göteborg)
[The Society was founded in 1778 as the Götheborgska Wetenskaps och Witterhets Samhället. It later had the following names: (1) Kongliga Götheborgska Wetenskaps och Witterhets Samhället; (2) Kongliga Götheborgska Wettenskaps och Witterhets Samhället; (3) Kongliga Wettenskaps och Witterhets Samhället i Götheborg; (4) Götheborgs Kongliga Wettenskaps och Witterhets Samhället; (5) Kongliga Vettenskaps och Vitterhets Samhallet i Götheborg; (6) Götheborgs Kongliga Vetenskaps och Vitterhets Samhället; (7) Göteborgs Kongliga Vetenskaps och Vitterhets Samhället; (8) Göteborgs Kongliga Vetenskaps och Vitterhets-Samhället; (9) Göteborgs Kungliga Vetenskaps och Vitterhets-Samhället; (its current name) and (10) Regia Societas Scientiarum et Litterarum Gothoburgensis (alternative current name).]
[No website found, as of 2007, July 28.]
Netherlands
Haarlem
Teylers Godgeleerd Genootschap = Teyler's Godgeleerd Genootschap = Teylers Eerste Genootschap (Teyler's Theological Society = Teyler's First Society)
[No website found, as of 2007, July 28.]
Netherlands
Haarlem
Teylers Tweede Genootschap = Teyler's Tweede Genootschap (Teyler's Second Society)
[This Society was founded in 1778 and was devoted to the advancement of scholarly research in the areas of natural science, poetry, history, the art of drawing and numismatics.]
[No website found, as of 2007, July 28.]
1779
Italy
Padova
Accademia Galileiana di Scienze Lettere ed Arti in Padova (Galilean Academy of Sciences, Letters and Arts in Padua)
[In 1779, the Accademia di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti di Padova was formed from a merger of Accademia dei Ricovrati (founded 1599) and Accademia di Arte Agraria (founded 1769). Over the years, the Academy had numerous different names, including Accademia Patavina di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti. Since 1998 it has been called Accademia Galileiana di Scienze Lettere ed Arti in Padova.]
Website
Portugal
Lisbon
Academia Real das Sciencias de Lisboa (Royal Academy of Sciences of Lisbon)
[The Academy was founded in 1779 as the Academia Real das Sciencias de Lisboa (Royal Academy of Sciences of Lisbon). It is now called the Academia das Ciências de Lisboa (ACL) (Academy of Sciences of Lisbon).]
Website
Denmark
Copenhagen
Íslenzka Lærdóms-Lista Félag = Islenzka Laerdóms-Lista Felag (Icelandic Scholarly Society)
[The Society was founded in 1779 as the Íslenzka Lærdóms-Lista Félag. Around 1787 it took the Royal designation and became the Konúngliga Íslenzka Lærdóms-Lista Félag. It ceased to exist independently in 1818 after it merged with Hið Íslenska Bókmenntafélag (founded 1816).]
Germany
Halle
Naturforschende Gesellschaft zu Halle (Natural Science Society in Halle)
[The Society was founded in 1779 as the Naturforschende Gesellschaft zu Halle. It has also been called the Hallische Naturforschende Gesellschaft. Its last documented meeting was in 1920, but it was listed in the address directory for Halle as late as 1935.]
Netherlands
The Hague
Natuur- en Geneeskundige Correspondentie-Societeit in de Vereenigde Nederlanden (Physical and Health Sciences Correspondence Society in the United Netherlands)
[This society was founded in 1779, and was concerned primarily with the relationship between weather and illness. By the end of the 18th century, the Society had come to an end.]
Germany
Görlitz
Oberlausitzische Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften (OLGdW) (Upper-Lusatian Society of Sciences)
[The Society was founded on 1779, April 21 as the Oberlausitzische Gesellschaft zur Beförderung der Natur- und Geschichtskunde. It later had the following names: (1) Oberlausitzische Gesellschaft zur Beförderung der Geschichts- und Naturkunde; (2) Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften in der Oberlausitz; (3) Privatgeselschaft in der Oberlausiz = Privatgesellschaft in der Oberlausiz; (4) Oberlausitzische Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften; (5) Oberlausizische Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften; (6) Kurfürstlich Sächsische Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften; (7) Churfürstlich-Sächsische Oberlausitzische Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften; (8) Oberlausitzische Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften; and (9) Oberlausitzische Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften (its current name).]
Website

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last modified: 2009, December 27

NEWS/EDITORIAL 2009, December 27
Fifteen Years of the Scholarly Societies Project

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