Scholarly Societies Project

Chronicle for Societies Founded from 1700 to 1739
37 Societies
32 History Pages
17 Websites
Last Updated: 2007, November 18

Border

Date
Founded
Seat
Society Name
1700
Germany
Berlin
Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften (BBAW) (Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities)
[This Academy was founded in 1700 as the Kurfürstlich-Brandenburgische Societät der Wissenschaften, or Churfürstlich-Brandenburgische Societät der Wissenschaften. In 1744 it merged with the Société Littéraire du Berlin (which had been founded in 1743) to form the Königliche Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin. It later had a variety of names, including the following: (1) Königlich Preussische Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin = Königlich Preußische Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin; (2) Preussische Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin = Preußische Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin; (3) Deutsche Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin; (4) Akademie der Wissenschaften der DDR; and (5) Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften (BBAW) (its current name).]
Website.
France
Lyon
Académie des Sciences, Belles-Lettres et Arts de Lyon (Academy of Sciences, Humanities and Arts of Lyon)
[According to its website, this Academy finds its antecedents in two societies founded in the early 18th century. In 1700 the Académie des Sciences et Belles-Lettres de Lyon was founded. In 1713, an Académie des Beaux-Arts de Lyon was founded, and eventually became the Société Royale des Beaux-Arts de Lyon. In 1758, these two societies merged to become the Académie des Sciences, Belles-Lettres et Arts de Lyon. The Academy was dissolved in 1793. It revived in 1800, July 13, as an Athénée. Since that time, it has taken various names, including: Académie Royale des Sciences, Belles-Lettres et Arts de Lyon; Académie Nationale des Sciences, Belles-Lettres et Arts de Lyon; Académie Impériale des Sciences, Belles-Lettres et Arts de Lyon; and Académie des Sciences, Belles-Lettres et Arts de Lyon (its current name).]
Website
Spain
Barcelona
Reial Acadèmia de Bones Lletres de Barcelona (Royal Academy of Belles Lettres of Barcelona)
[This Academy traces its origins to the Acadèmia dels Desconfiats = Academia de los Desconfiados (Academy of the Untrusting), which was founded in 1700, but disappeared before 1729. The Acadèmia de Bones Lletres de Barcelona was founded in 1729 as a continuation of the Academia de los Desconfiados. In 1752 the new Academy received Royal approval, becoming the Reial Acadèmia de Bones Lletres = Real Academia de Buenas Letras de Barcelona.]
[No website found, as of 2007, July 28.]
1706
France
Montpellier
Académie des Sciences et Lettres de Montpellier (Academy of Sciences and Letters of Montpellier)
[The Academy was founded in 1706 as the Société Royale des Sciences de Montpellier, and was dissolved in 1793. It was reconstituted in 1795 as the Société Libre des Sciences et Belles Lettres de Montpellier, but disappeared in 1816. The Academy was revived in 1846, December as the Académie des Sciences et Lettres de Montpellier (its current name).]
Website
1707
England
London
Society of Antiquaries of London
Website.
1710
Sweden
Uppsala
Kongliga Vetenskaps-Societeten i Uppsala (Royal Society of Sciences at Uppsala)
[This Society was founded in 1710 as the Kongliga Vetenskaps-Societeten i Uppsala, and is evidently the oldest scholarly society in Sweden. It is now called the Kungliga Vetenskaps-Societeten i Uppsala.]
[No website found, as of 2007, July 28.]
England
Spalding
Spalding Gentlemen's Society
Website
1712
France
Bordeaux
Académie Royale des Belles Lettres, Sciences et Arts de Bordeaux (Royal Academy of Humanities, Sciences and Arts of Bordeaux)
[The Academy was founded in 1712 as the Académie Royale des Belles Lettres, Sciences et Arts de Bordeaux. Over the years it has had various names, including: Académie Impériale des Sciences, Belles-Lettres et Arts de Bordeaux, and Académie Nationale des Sciences, Belles-Lettres et Arts de Bordeaux (its current name).]
[No website found, as of 2004, July 9.]
1713
Spain
Madrid
Real Academia Española (RAE) (Royal Spanish Academy)
Website.
1714
Italy
Bologna
Accademia delle Scienze dell'Istituto di Bologna (Academy of Sciences of the Institute of Bologna)
[This institution was founded in 1714 as an Institute with two constituent Academies, one for the sciences and one for the fine arts. It had as a predecessor the Academy degli Inquieti, which had been founded in either 1690 or 1691. The Latin name of the Institute was from at least 1731 to 1791: Bononiensis Scientiarum et Artium Institutum atque Academia. Its Italian name during the 18th century may have been something like Istituto e Accademia delle Scienze e delle Arti di Bologna. In 1802 or 1803, with the Napoleonic occupation, the Academy devoted to fine arts (the Accademia Clementina di Bologna) was suppressed, so that only one Academy remained, that for the sciences. From that point onward, it was known at various times as: (1) Accademia Reale delle Scienze dell'Istituto di Bologna; (2) R. Accademia delle Scienze dell'Istituto di Bologna ; and (3) Accademia delle Scienze dell'Istituto di Bologna (its current name).]
[No website found, as of 2007, July 28.]
1715
Italy
Roma
Accademia Lancisiana di Roma (Lancisian Academy of Rome)
[The Academy was founded by Giovanni Maria Lancisi. It evidently went through a number of name changes, including: (1) Accademia Giacintina, (2) Adunanza degli Amici della Scienza Medico-Chirurgica, (3) Associazione della Giovane Famiglia Sanitaria degli Ospedali Reuniti in Roma, (4) Società Lancisiana degli Ospedali Reuniti in Roma, and in 1935 it took its present name (5) Accademia Lancisiana di Roma.]
Website.
1716
Italy
Florence
Società Botanica Fiorentina (Florentine Botanical Society)
[The first botanical society in Europe, it was founded in the Autumn of 1716 by Pier Antonio Micheli (1679-1737). In 1783, the Society ceased to exist separately and was absorbed by the Accademia dei Georgofili, the first agricultural academy in Europe, founded in 1753 (information taken from the historical section of the Società Botanica Italiana website). The Society seems never to have published a journal. Additional information may be found in a brief historical webpage on the Società Botanica Fiorentina.]
1718
France
Pau
Académie Royale des Sciences et Beaux-Arts de Pau (Royal Academy of Sciences and Fine Arts of Pau)
[The Society was founded in 1718 as the Académie de Musique. In 1720, it became the Académie Royale des Sciences et Beaux Arts de Pau. In 1793, it was suppressed. In 1841 it was revived as the Société des Sciences, Lettres et Arts de Pau, it ceased in 1843, then was resurrected on 1871. In 1973 it became the Société des Sciences, Lettres et Arts de Pau et du Béarn.]
[No website found, as of 2007, July 28.]
Italy
Palermo
Accademia di Scienze, Lettere e Arti di Palermo (Academy of Sciences, Letters and Arts of Palermo)
[This Academy was founded in 1718 as the Accademia Palermitana del Buon Gusto. After that it had the following names: (1) R.a Accademia Palermitana di Scienze e Lettere; (2) Accademia di Scienze e Lettere di Palermo; (3) Accademia di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti di Palermo; (4) Reale Accademia di Scienze, Lettere e Belle Arti di Palermo; (5) Reale Accademia di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti di Palermo; (6) Reale Accademia di Scienze, Lettere e Arti di Palermo; and (7) Accademia di Scienze, Lettere e Arti di Palermo (its current name).]
[No website found as of 2007, July 28.]
1720
Portugal
Lisboa
Academia Real da História Portuguesa (Royal Academy of Portuguese History)
[The Academia Real da História Portuguesa was founded on 1720, December 8, and went into decline around 1736. The Academia Portuguesa da História (founded 1936) considers itself the legitimate successor to the Academia Real da História Portuguesa.]
1723
Scotland
Edinburgh
Society of Improvers in the Knowledge of Agriculture in Scotland
[This Society was founded on 1723, June 8. It ceased in 1745.]
1724
Russia
St. Petersburg
later
Moscow
Российская Академия Наук
[Rossijskaâ Akademiâ Nauk] (Russian Academy of Sciences)
[The Academy was founded on 1724, January 28 in the Julian calendar, that is, on 1724, February 8 in the modern (Gregorian) calendar. It has had the following sequence of names: (1) Императорская Академия Наук и Художеств в Санкт-Петербурге [Imperatorskaâ Akademiâ Nauk i Hudožestv v Sankt-Peterburge]; (2) Императорская Академия Наук [Imperatorskaâ Akademiâ Nauk]; (3) Императорская Санкт-Петербургская Академия Наук [Imperatorskaâ Sankt-Peterburgskaâ Akademiâ Nauk]; (4) Российская Академия Наук [Rossijskaâ Akademiâ Nauk]; (5) Академия Наук СССР [Akademiâ Nauk SSSR]; and (6) Российская Академия Наук [Rossijskaâ Akademiâ Nauk].]
Website.
1726
France
Marseille
Académie des Belles-Lettres de Marseille (Academy of Humanities of Marseille)
[This Academy was founded in 1726 as the Académie des Belles-Lettres de Marseille. Over the years it has had various different names, including: Académie des Belles-Lettres, Sciences et Arts de Marseille; Lycée des Sciences et Arts; Académie des Sciences, Lettres et Arts; Académie des Sciences, Belles-Lettres et Arts de Marseille; and Académie des Sciences, Lettres et Arts de Marseille (its current name).]
Website
Italy
Cortona
Società per la Compra di Libri (Society for the Purchase of Books)
[Now called Accademia Etrusca di Cortona (Etruscan Academy of Cortona).]
Website.
1728
Germany
Jena
Teutsche Gesellschaft in Jena (German Society in Jena)
[This Society was founded in 1728. It was still in existence in 1777, but had ceased by 1798.]
1730
France
Montauban
Académie de Montauban: Sciences, Belles-lettres, Arts, Encouragement au Bien (Academy of Montauban: Sciences, Humanities, Arts, Promotion of Good Citizenship)
[This Society was founded in 1730 as the Société Littéraire de Montauban. After that, it had the following names: (1) Académie des Belles-Lettres de Montauban; (2) Société des Sciences et Arts de Tarn-et-Garonne; (3) Société des Sciences, Belles-Lettres et Arts de Tarn-et-Garonne; (4) Société des Sciences, Agriculture et Belles-Lettres de Tarn-et-Garonne; (5) Académie des Sciences, Belles-Lettres et Arts de Tarn-et-Garonne; (6) Académie des Sciences, Belles-Lettres, Arts et Encouragement au Bien de Montauban; and (7) Académie de Montauban: Sciences, Belles-lettres, Arts, Encouragement au Bien (both (6) and (7) are current names).]
[No website found, as of 2004, July 15.]
England
Peterborough
Peterborough Gentlemen's Society
[Also known as Gentlemen's Society in Peterborough and Peterborough Society. Evidently ceased during the 1890's.]
1731
France
Paris
Académie Royale de Chirurgie (Royal Academy of Surgery)
[The Academy was founded in 1731 as the Académie Royale de Chirurgie, then suppressed in 1793. It was reformed in 1843 as the Société Nationale de Chirurgie, then took the name Académie de Chirurgie in 1935. In 1997, it became the Académie Nationale de Chirurgie (ANC).]
Website
Scotland
Edinburgh
Philosophical Society of Edinburgh
[This Society was founded in 1731 as the Society for the Improvement of Medical Knowledge. In 1737 it became the Edinburgh Society for improving Arts and Sciences and particularly Natural Knowledge, commonly known as the Philosophical Society of Edinburgh. On 1783, March 29 it ceased and was succeeded by the Royal Society of Edinburgh (RSE).]
Spain
Valladolid
Real Academia de Medicina y Cirugía de Valladolid (Royal Academy of Medicine and Surgery of Valladolid)
[According to the Instituto de España website, this Academy was founded in 1731. The Academy has published Anales de la Real Academia de Medicina y Cirugía de Valladolid since 1963.]
[No website found, as of 2007, July 28.]
Ireland
Dublin
Royal Dublin Society
[This Society was founded on 1731, June 25 as the Dublin Society for improving Husbandry, Manufactures and other Useful Arts; a couple of weeks later it became the Dublin Society for improving Husbandry, Manufactures and other Useful Arts and Sciences. It later had the names Dublin Society and Royal Dublin Society (its current name).]
Website.
1732
France
La Rochelle
Académie des Belles-Lettres, Sciences et Arts de La Rochelle (Academy of Humanities, Sciences and Arts of La Rochelle)
[According to the CTHS - Sociétés Savantes database, this Academy had the following prior name: Académie Royale des Belles-Lettres de La Rochelle. From 1747 to 1763, the Academy published Recueil de pièces en prose et en vers lues dans les assemblées publiques de l'Académie Royale des Belles-lettres de La Rochelle. From 1855 to 1885, the Academy published Choix de Pièces lues aux séances / Académie de La Rochelle, Section de Littérature. From 1871 to ...., the Academy published Académie des Belles-Lettres, Sciences et Arts de La Rochelle. Séance[s] Publique[s]. After this, they published Annales Académie des Belles-lettres, Sciences et Arts de La Rochelle. Section des Belles-lettres et Beaux-arts.]
[No website found, as of 2007, July 28.]
1734
Germany
Jena
Societas Latina Jenensis (Latin Society of Jena)
[This Society was founded on 1734, June 4. The Society was also known as the Societas Latina Ienensis and the Societas Latina quae Jenae est. It was dissolved in 1848.]
Spain
Madrid
Real Academia Nacional de Medicina (Royal National Academy of Medicine)
[The Academy was founded on 1734, August 12 as the Academia Médica Matritense, as a successor to the Tertulia Literaria Médica Matritense (founded 1733, July 12). It later had the following names: (1) Real Academia Médica Matritense; (2) Real Academia Médica de Madrid; (3) Real Academia de Medicina de Madrid; (4) Real Academia de Medicina; and (5) Real Academia Nacional de Medicina (its current name).]
Website.
1735
Italy
Florence
Accademia Toscana di Scienze e Lettere "La Colombaria" (ATSL) (Tuscan Academy of Sciences and Letters "La Colombaria")
[The Academy was founded on 1735, May 15 as the Società Colombaria Fiorentina. It later had the following names: (1) Società Colombaria; (2) Società Colombaria di Firenze; (3) Società Colombaria Fiorentina; (4) Accademia Fiorentina di Scienze Morali La Colombaria; and (5) Accademia Toscana di Scienze e Lettere la Colombaria (its current name).]
Website.
Sweden
Stockholm
Kungliga Akademien för de Fria Konsterna = Kungliga Konstakademien (Royal Academy of Fine Arts = Royal Art Academy)
Website
1736
Germany
Halle
Prüfende Gesellschaft zu Halle (Examining Society in Halle)
[The Society was founded in 1736 and lasted until 1748.]
1737
France
Arras
Académie des Sciences, Lettres et Arts d'Arras (Academy of Sciences, Letters and Arts of Arras)
[This Academy was founded in 1737 as the Société Littéraire d'Arras. It later had the following names: (1) Académie Royale des Belles-lettres d'Arras; (2) Société Royale d'Arras pour l'Encouragement des Sciences, des Lettres et des Arts; (3) Société Royale des Sciences, des Lettres et des Arts d'Arras; (4) Académie d'Arras, Société Royale des Sciences, des Lettres et des Arts; (5) Académie d'Arras; (6) Académie Impériale des Sciences, Lettres et Arts d'Arras; and (7) Académie des Sciences, Lettres et Arts d'Arras (its current name).]
[No website found, as of 2007, July 28.]
1738
Italy
Brescia
Accademia Mazzuchelliana (Mazzuchellian Academy)
[The Academy was founded on 1738, April 18, and ceased to exist independently in 1768.]
Spain
Madrid
Real Academia de la Historia (Royal Academy of History)
[The Academy was founded on 1738, April 18 by Royal order of Felipe V. It was based on an earlier Academy, the Academia Universal, which had been founded in 1735.]
Website.
1739
Greifswald
Germany
Deutsche Gesellschaft in Greifswald (German Society in Greifswald)
[This society was founded in 1739, and was still in existence in 1752.]
Sweden
Stockholm
Kongliga Vetenskapsakademien (KVA) (Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences)
[The Academy was founded as the Kongliga Vetenskapsakademien (KVA). Around 1905, the spelling of the Academy's name was altered to Kungliga Vetenskapsakademien, generally abbreviated as Kungl. Vetenskapsakademien or K. Vetenskapsakademien.]
Website.

Border

Home
Overview of the Scholarly Societies Project

Scholarly Societies Project

facilitating access to information about scholarly societies across the world since 1994
last modified: 2009, December 27

NEWS/EDITORIAL 2009, December 27
Fifteen Years of the Scholarly Societies Project

4157 Scholarly Societies, 3832 Websites
Search Engine
By Subject [83]
By Country
By Language
By Founding Dates
Inventory of the Oldest Scholarly Societies (1323-1849)

Special Kinds of Scholarly Societies
Academies and Royal Societies of Broad Scope [272]
International Unions [88]
Federations of Scholarly Societies [198]

Special Resources at Scholarly Society Websites
Meeting/Conference Announcement Lists
Standards [59]
Full-Text Serials

Scholarly Societies and Scholarly Communication [essays]
Meeting Sponsors and Publishers
Bibliographic Work
Interactions with Commercial Publishers
Crisis in Scholarly Publishing
Creating a Society Web Site
Bailey's Scholarly Electronic Publishing Bibliography

Deutsch
Español
Français
Italiano
Português
汉语
日本語
한국어
For a rough translation of this page, including all hyperlinks, into one of the above languages, copy the URL http://www.scholarly-societies.org/ to the Altavista Babelfish Translator.

About the Scholarly Societies Project

Feedback to the Project
Guidelines for Inclusion of Resources
Scholarly Society Registration Form
Technical Problems Report
Sending Other Suggestions or Comments

Documentation on the Project
Purpose
Coverage
Linguistic Considerations
URL-Stability Index for the Project
News/Editorials
The Editor
Project Timeline
Other Projects of Broad Scope Covering Scholarly Societies

Sending Email to the Scholarly Societies Project

Home Copyright © 2001-2015 STANDS4 LLC.