y 1600-1699: Scholarly Societies Chronicle

Scholarly Societies Project

Chronicle for Societies Founded from 1600 to 1699
43 Societies
29 History Pages
23 Websites
Last Updated: 2007, July 30

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Date
Founded
Seat
Society Name
1603
Italy
Rome
Accademia dei Lincei (Academy of Lynxes)
[Disbanded in 1630. Revived in 1847. The current name of the new Academy is the Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei]
Website
1606
Italy
Udine
Accademia Udinese di Scienze, Lettere e Arti (Academy of Sciences, Letters and Arts of Udine)
[Over time the Academy has had the following names: Accademia degli Sventati, or Accademia Udinese degli Sventati; Accademia di Udine; Accademia di Aquilejese; Accademia di Scienze, Lettere e Arti di Udine; and Accademia Udinese di Scienze, Lettere e Arti (its current name).]
Website
1607
France
Annecy
Académie Florimontane d'Annecy (Florimontane Academy of Annecy)
[According to the CTHS - Sociétés Savantes database, this society had the following sequence of names: Académie Florimontane (1607); Société Florimontane (1851); and Académie Florimontane (1911).]
[No website found, as of 2007, July 29.]
1608
Italy
Rovigo
Accademia dei Concordi di Rovigo (Academy of the Concordant Ones of Rovigo)
Website
1617
Germany
 
Fruchtbringende Gesellschaft (Fruitful Society)
[According to p.19, footnote 1, of Conermann, Herz & Schmidt-Glintzer (2000), the Gesellschaft was founded in 1617 and ceased in 1680. More information is found at the Fruchtbringende Gesellschaft Digital Exhibit.]
England
London
Master, Wardens and Society of the Art and Mistery of Apothecaries of the City of London
[Now called: Worshipful Society of Apothecaries of London, and sometimes Society of Apothecaries of London.]
Website
1621
Italy
Palermo
Accademia Jatro-Fisica di Palermo = Accademia dei Iatrofisici di Palermo (Academy of Medical Scientists of Palermo)
[According to Maylender (1926-1930), v.3, pp.132-134, this society was founded in Palermo in 1621 as the Accademia Jatro-Fisica or Accademia dei Iatrofisici, but was also known as the Accademia Medica or the Accademia Filiatridi. Maylender (1926-1930), v.3, p.134 also states that this appears to be the oldest medical academy in Europe. Maylender (1926-1930), v.3, p.134 indicates that it had already become by 1833 (and perhaps earlier) the Accademia delle Scienze Mediche di Palermo (its current name). They published an Atti beginning in 1890.]
[No website found, as of 2007, July 29.]
1622
Germany
Rostock
Societas Ereunetica sive Zetetica (Research or Investigation Society)
[According to Geschichte der Mathematik an der Universität Rostock this was the first scientific society north of the Alps. Ornstein, p.168 indicates that no traces of this society are found after 1624. A bit more information on the society is found in Ornstein, pp.166-169.]
1631
Italy
Florence
Accademia degli Apatisti (Academy of the ???)
[In the earliest years of its existence this society was named Comunità di Virtuosi e Letterati, then Università dei Letterati, and finally Accademia degli Apatisti. In 1783, by order of the granduca Pietro Leopoldo di Lorena, the Academy was merged with the Accademia Fiorentina (founded 1540) and the Accademia della Crusca (founded 1583) to become the Accademia Fiorentina Seconda, which in 1808 became the Accademia Fiorentina Terza. This latter Academy ceased to exist in 1811, at which time the Accademia della Crusca reconstituted itself.]
Brief Webpage
1635
France
Paris
Académie Françoise (French Academy)
[Now called Académie Française.]
Website.
1640
France
Toulouse
Les Lanternistes (The Lanternists)
[Now called Académie des Sciences, Inscriptions et Belles Lettres de Toulouse (Academy of Sciences, Inscriptions and Humanities of Toulouse)]
Website.
1648
France
Paris
Académie Royale de Peinture et de Sculpture (Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture)
[This Academy was suppressed by the Convention in 1793. In 1803, with the founding of the Académie des Beaux-Arts (Academy of Fine Arts), the responsibilities of the former Académie Royale de Peinture et de Sculpture were inherited by this newly created Academy.]
1650
Italy
Naples
Accademia degli Investiganti = Accademia degl' Investiganti = Academia Indagatrix (Academy of the Investigators)
[After the disbanding of the Roman Accademia dei Lincei in 1630, the centre of scientific study passed from Rome to Napoli and Florence, where two illustrious scientific societies carried on the tradition of the Lincei: the Accademia degli Investiganti (founded 1650 in Napoli) and the Accademia del Cimento (founded in 1657 in Florence). Various founding dates for the Accademia degli Investiganti have been suggested (1650, 1655, 1663 and 1669). The Accademia was suspended 1669 or 1670, then revived 1735-1737.]
France
Soissons
Société Académique de Soissons (Academic Society of Soissons)
[According to a brief historical page by the Société Archéologique, Historique et Scientifique de Soissons, this society was founded in 1650 as the Société Académique de Soissons. In 1674 it received letters patent from the King. It appears that at this point it became the Académie de Soissons. The Academy had already become dormant by 1683, and was revived at the insistence of Colbert. According to another brief historical page by the Société Archéologique, Historique et Scientifique de Soissons, the Academy was dissolved during the Revolution (probably 1793 August 8, like so many other French academies). It was revived in 1806 as the Société des Sciences, des Arts et des Belles Lettres de Soissons; it apparently published two volumes of Mémoires in 1807 and 1808 (of which evidently no trace remains). It declined beginning in 1812 along with the Empire, and disappeared with the latter (around 1814).]
1652
Germany
Schweinfurt
later
Halle
Collegium Naturae Curiosorum (College of Those Inquisitive of Nature -- i.e. College of Researchers) [Now known as: Deutsche Akademie der Naturforscher Leopoldina (German Leopoldina Academy of Researchers).]
Website.
France
Caen
Académie des Belles-Lettres de Caen (Academy of Humanities of Caen)
[Now called : Académie des Sciences, Arts et Belles Lettres de Caen = Academy of Sciences, Arts and Humanities of Caen.]
Website
1654
France
Paris
Académie de Montmor
[The Academy was founded in about 1654 and ceased in 1664. It was a semi-private institution (never receiving government support). It may in some sense be considered a pre-cursor to the prestigious Académie Royale des Sciences, which was established in 1666.]
Ireland
Dublin
Royal College of Physicians of Ireland
[The College was founded in 1654. It has had the following names over time: (1) King and Queens Colledge of Physicians in Ireland; (2) King's and Queen's College of Physicians in Ireland; (3) King and Queen's College of Physicians in Ireland; (4) College of Physicians of Ireland; and (5) Royal College of Physicians of Ireland (its current name).]
Website.
1657
Italy
Florence
Accademia del Cimento (Academy of Experiment)
[Ceased in 1667.]
1658
France
Avignon
Académie des Émulateurs d'Avignon (Academy of Competitors of Avignon)
[The Academy was founded in 1658 as the Académie des Émulateurs d'Avignon. Since 1815, it has been called the Académie de Vaucluse. [No website found, as of 2007, July 29.]
Italy
Rome
Accademia degli Incolti = Academia Incultorum (Academy of the Uncultured)
[An authority record in the Bibliot. Nat. France cat. indicates that this society has also been known at various times by the following names: Accademia rubiconia simpemenia dei filopatridi (Savignano sul Rubicone, Italie), Rubiconia accademia dei filopatridi (Savignano, Italie) and Accademia dei filopatridi (Savignano sul Rubicone, Italie).]
Website
1660
England
London
Royal Society of London
Website.
Spain
Sevilla
Real Academia de Bellas Artes de Santa Isabel de Hungría de Sevilla (Royal Academy of Fine Arts of Saint Isabel of Hungary of Seville)
[The Academy began in 1660 as a school for the teaching of the fine arts that lasted until the end of the 17th century. It had the following sequence of names from 1771: (1) Real Escuela de las Tres Nobles Artes de Sevilla; (2) Real Academia de Nobles Artes de Santa Isabel; (3) Real Academia de Bellas Artes de Primera Clase de Sevilla; and (4) Real Academia de Bellas Artes de Santa Isabel de Hungría de Sevilla (its current name).]
Website
1662
France
Caen
Académie de Physique de Caen (Academy of Physics of Caen)
[According to Lux (1989), p.ix, this Academy began in 1662 and closed in 1672. In late 1667, Louis XIV granted it Royal approbation ( Lux (1989), p.1). Despite its brief existence, this Academy had the distinction of becoming the first provincial adjunct to the Académie Royale des Sciences ( Lux (1989), p.3).]
1663
France
Paris
Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres (Academy of Inscriptions and Humanities)
[This Academy was founded in 1663 as the Petite Académie. At some time later, it took the name Académie Royale des Médailles et des Inscriptions. In 1716, it took the name Académie Royale des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres. After this it had many different names including: (1) Institut Royal de France, Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres; (2) Académie Royale des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres de l'Institut de France; (3) Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres de l'Institut National de France; (4) Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres de l'Institut Impériale de France; and (5) Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres de l'Institut de France = Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres (its current name).]
Website
1666
France
Arles
Académie Royale d'Arles (Royal Academy of Arles)
[According to the CTHS - Sociétés Savantes database, this Academy was founded in 1666, and obtained letters patent from the King in 1668. It was suppressed by the Convention in 1793. It was revived at some later time. It has been known at various times as the Académie Royale d'Arles; Académie d'Arts, Sciences et Littérature (Arles); Académie Régionale d'Arles; and Académie d'Arles (its current name). The Bibliot. Nat. France cat. lists journals beginning in 1941.]
[No website found, as of 2007, July 29.]
France
Paris
Académie des Sciences (AS) (French Academy of Sciences)
[The Academy was founded in 1666 as the Académie Royale des Sciences (AS). It is now called the Académie des Sciences (AS).]
Website.
1668
Scotland
Glasgow
Royal Faculty of Procurators in Glasgow
Website. (law)
1669
France
Paris
Académie Royale de Musique (Royal Academy of Music)
[This Academy was suppressed by the Convention in 1793. In 1803, with the founding of the Académie des Beaux-Arts (Academy of Fine Arts), the responsibilities of the former Académie Royale de Musique were inherited by this newly created Academy.]
1671
France
Paris
Académie Royale d'Architecture (Royal Academy of Architecture)
[This Academy was suppressed by the Convention in 1793. In 1803, with the founding of the Académie des Beaux-Arts (Academy of Fine Arts), the responsibilities of the former Académie Royale d'Architecture were inherited by this newly created Academy.]
1681
Scotland
Edinburgh
Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
Website.
1682
France
Nîmes
Académie de Nîmes (Academy of Nîmes)
[The Academy was founded in 1682 as the Académie Royale de Nîmes. After that it had several different names, including: Lycée; Académie du Gard; Académie Royale du Gard; and Académie de Nîmes (its current name).]
Website
1683
Italy
Modena
Accademia dei Dissonanti di Modena (Academy of the Dissonant Ones of Modena)
[The Academy was founded in 1683 as the Accademia dei Dissonanti di Modena. In 1817 it became the Reale Accademia Modenese di Scienze Lettere ed Arti. After a sequence of minor name changes, it became in 1959 the Accademia Nazionale di Scienze, Lettere e Arti (National Academy of Sciences, Letters and Arts).]
Website
1685
France
Angers
Académie des Sciences, Belles-Lettres et Arts d'Angers (Academy of Sciences, Humanities and Arts of Angers)
[The Academy was founded in 1685 as the Académie Royale des Belles-Lettres d'Angers. Over the years it had the following names: Académie des Sciences, Belles-Lettres et Arts d'Angers; Société d'Agriculture, Sciences et Arts d'Angers; Société Impériale d'Agriculture, Sciences et Arts d'Angers; Société Nationale d'Agriculture, Sciences et Arts d'Angers; and Académie des Sciences, Belles-Lettres et Arts d'Angers. In addition, there was a rival society that ran from about 1857 to 1896 that had the names Société Académique de Maine-et-Loir; and Académie des Sciences et Belles-lettres d'Angers.]
[No website found, as of 2007, July 29.]
1690
Germany
Hamburg
Kunst-Rechnungs-liebende Societät (Society of Lovers of the Art of Calculation)
[Now called Mathematische Gesellschaft in Hamburg (Mathematical Society in Hamburg).]
Website.
Italy
Bologna
Accademia degli Inquieti (Academy of the Restless Ones)
[According to Maylender (1926-1930), v.3, pp.300-301, this Academy was founded in either 1690 or 1691 by Eustachio Manfredi and meetings were held in his home. But, within 4 years, more room was needed; so meetings moved to the home of Jacopo Sandri. With the increasing renown of the Accademia, there came increasing interest in creating a stable authoritative scientific institute in Bologna. The prime mover in the latter project was Conte Luigi Ferdinando Marsigli. In 1705, the meetings of the Accademia moved to his palazzo. In 1712 Marsigli donated to the city of Bologna his Museum, which then moved to the Palazzo Poggi, where two years later (1714) the Accademia delle Scienze dell'Istituto di Bologna was established, and into which the Accademia degli Inquieti then merged.]
Italy
Rome
Accademia dell'Arcadia (Academy of Arcadia)
[The Accademia dell'Arcadia was founded in 1690. In 1925 it assumed the sub-title Accademia Letteraria Italiana (Italian Literary Academy).]
[No website found, as of 2007, July 29.]
1691
Italy
Siena
Accademia delle Scienze di Siena detta de' Fisio-critici (Academy of Sciences of Siena known as the Physiocritics)
[The Academy has used various names over time, including the following: Accademia delle Scienze di Siena detta de' Fisio-critici; Reale Accademia dei Fisiocritici in Siena; Accademia dei Fisiocritici in Siena; and Accademia dei Fisiocritici di Siena (its current name).]
Website
1693
Slovenia
 
Slovenska Akademija Znanosti in Umetnosti (SAZU) (Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts)
Website
Spain
Sevilla
Veneranda Tertulia Médica Hispalense (Venerable Spanish Medical Assembly)
[This Academy was founded in 1693 as the Veneranda Tertulia Médica Hispalense. In 1700 it became the Regia Sociedad de Medicina y demás Ciencias de Sevilla, and around 1830 became the Real Academia de Medicina y Cirugía de Sevilla, sometimes also called Real Academia de Medicina de Sevilla.]
Website
1695
France
Villefranche-sur-Saone
Académie Royale de Villefranche (Royal Academy of Villefranche)
[The Academy was founded in 1695, was suppressed in 1793, then revived in 1899 as the Société des Sciences et Arts du Beaujolais, changed in 1930 to Société des Sciences, Arts et Belles-Lettres du Beaujolais, and then in 1964 became the Académie de Villefranche-en-Beaujolais.]
[No website found, as of 2007, July 29.]
1696
Germany
Berlin
Academie der Mahler-, Bildhauer- und Architectur-Kunst (Academy of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture)
[The precursor to the Akademie was founded in 1696 as Academie der Mahler-, Bildhauer- und Architectur-Kunst. In 1937, the Akademie was evicted from its traditional premises; it operation was evidently suspended. In 1950, the Deutschen Akademie der Künste in Berlin (Ost) was founded. And in 1954, the Akademie der Künste in Berlin (West) was founded. Beginning 1991 the two Akademies moved towards fusion. In 1993 they merged into one entity, the Akademie der Künste.]
Website
1697
Germany
Leipzig
Deutsche Gesellschaft in Leipzig (German Society in Leipzig)
[The Society was founded in 1697 as the Vertrauter Görlitzer Collegium Poeticum, and had the following names, as well, until 1727: Görlitzische Poetische Gesellschaft; Teutschübende Poetische Gesellschaft; and Teutschübende Gesellschaft. In 1727, it became the Deutsche Gesellschaft in Leipzig. The Society ceased publishing in 1744 but continued to meet sporadically until 1804, and then existed in name only until 1827. And in 1827, the Deutsche Gesellschaft in Leipzig merged with the Verein zur Erforschung vaterländischer Geschichte und Alterthümer to become the Deutsche Gesellschaft zur Erforschung vaterländischer Sprache und Alterthümer.]

1693
Slovenska Akademija Znanosti in Umetnosti (SAZU) = Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts
[According to the
SAZU section of the ZRC SAZU site: "Its origins can be traced back to the Jesuit theology and philosophy schools of the 16th century and the Academia Operosorum [Academy of the Laborious], founded in Ljubljana in 1693."

According to the historical section of the Ljubljana site: "In 1693 a scientific academy, the Academia operosorum Labacensis, was founded. It was modelled on Italian scientific academies, and among other things, gave an incentive for the building of the first public library. Academia operosorum which associated theologists, lawyers, physicians and philosophers, was merged with Academia incoltorum (for the fine arts) and Academia philharmonicorum in 1701."

According to the Grimsice Manor section of the Castles on the Web site, The Academia Operosorum was also known as the Carniolan Academy of Sciences.

According to the Scientific Endeavor in Slovenia page: The Academia Operosorum was also known as Academia Operosorum Labacensium.]

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last modified: 2009, December 27

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